Radiomics combined with transcriptomics to predict response to immunotherapy from patients treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors for advanced NSCLC - CRCL-Analyse intégrée de la dynamique du cancer Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Radiology Year : 2023

Radiomics combined with transcriptomics to predict response to immunotherapy from patients treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors for advanced NSCLC

Abstract

Introduction In this study, we aim to build radiomics and multiomics models based on transcriptomics and radiomics to predict the response from patients treated with the PD-L1 inhibitor. Materials and methods One hundred and ninety-five patients treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors were included. For all patients, 342 radiomic features were extracted from pretreatment computed tomography scans. The training set was built with 110 patients treated at the Léon Bérard Cancer Center. An independent validation cohort was built with the 85 patients treated in Dijon. The two sets were dichotomized into two classes, patients with disease control and those considered non-responders, in order to predict the disease control at 3 months. Various models were trained with different feature selection methods, and different classifiers were evaluated to build the models. In a second exploratory step, we used transcriptomics to enrich the database and develop a multiomic signature of response to immunotherapy in a 54-patient subgroup. Finally, we considered the HOT/COLD status. We first trained a radiomic model to predict the HOT/COLD status and then prototyped a hybrid model integrating radiomics and the HOT/COLD status to predict the response to immunotherapy. Results Radiomic signature for 3 months’ progression-free survival (PFS) classification: The most predictive model had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of 0.94 on the training set and 0.65 on the external validation set. This model was obtained with the t -test selection method and with a support vector machine (SVM) classifier. Multiomic signature for PFS classification: The most predictive model had an AUROC of 0.95 on the training set and 0.99 on the validation set. Radiomic model to predict the HOT/COLD status: the most predictive model had an AUROC of 0.93 on the training set and 0.86 on the validation set. HOT/COLD radiomic hybrid model for PFS classification: the most predictive model had an AUROC of 0.93 on the training set and 0.90 on the validation set. Conclusion In conclusion, radiomics could be used to predict the response to immunotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer patients. The use of transcriptomics or the HOT/COLD status, together with radiomics, may improve the working of the prediction models.
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Dates and versions

hal-04209979 , version 1 (22-11-2023)

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Amine Bouhamama, Benjamin Leporq, Khuram Faraz, Jean-Philippe Foy, Maxime Boussageon, et al.. Radiomics combined with transcriptomics to predict response to immunotherapy from patients treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors for advanced NSCLC. Frontiers in Radiology, 2023, 3, ⟨10.3389/fradi.2023.1168448⟩. ⟨hal-04209979⟩
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