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Journal Articles Cancers Year : 2023

Sorafenib in Molecularly Selected Cancer Patients: Final Analysis of the MOST-Plus Sorafenib Cohort

Christophe Le Tourneau
Isabelle Ray-Coquard
Anthony Gonçalves
Carlos Gomez-Roca
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Benoit You
Maud Kamal
Gwenaël Garin
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Jean‐yves Blay

Abstract

MOST-plus is a multicenter, randomized, open-label, adaptive Phase II trial evaluating the clinical benefit of targeted treatments matched to molecular alteration in advanced/metastatic solid tumors. Sorafenib was tested on patients with tumors harboring sorafenib-targeted genes. Methods: The MOST-plus trial used a randomized discontinuation design. After 12 weeks of sorafenib (400 mg, po BID), patients with progressive disease discontinued study, patients with objective response were proposed to continue sorafenib, whereas patients with stable disease (SD) were randomly assigned (1:1) to the maintenance or interruption of treatment. The primary endpoint was RECIST version 1.1 progression-free rate at 16 weeks after randomization (PFR-16w). Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity. Statistical analyses used a sequential Bayesian approach with interim efficacy analyses. The enrolment could be stopped in the case of a 95% probability for the estimated PFR-16w to be higher in the maintenance than in the interruption arm (NCT02029001). Results: 151 patients were included, of whom 35 had SD at 12 weeks of Sorafenib. For the 35 patients with SD on sorafenib, the PFR-16w was 65% [95% credibility interval 43.4–83.7] in the continuation arm and 25% [7.8–48.1] in the interruption arm. Median PFS and OS were improved in the maintenance versus the interruption arm (mPFS: 5.6 [95%CI 1.97–6.77] months versus 2.0 [95%CI 1.61–3.91] months (p = 0.0231) and mOS: 14.3 [95%CI 8.9–23.8] versus 8.0 months [95%CI 3.5–15.2] (p = 0.0857)). Conclusion: Sorafenib showed activity in progressive patients with solid tumors harboring somatic genomic alterations in sorafenib-targeted genes. Continuing sorafenib when SD is achieved improves PFR compared to interruption.
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hal-04209734 , version 1 (18-09-2023)

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Olivier Trédan, Maud Toulmonde, Christophe Le Tourneau, Laure Montane, Antoine Italiano, et al.. Sorafenib in Molecularly Selected Cancer Patients: Final Analysis of the MOST-Plus Sorafenib Cohort. Cancers, 2023, 15, ⟨10.3390/cancers15133441⟩. ⟨hal-04209734⟩
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