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Fully reversible magnetoelectric voltage controlled THz polarization rotation in magnetostrictive spintronic emitters on PMN-PT

Abstract : THz polarization control upon generation is a crucially missing functionality. THz spintronic emitters based on the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) allow for this by the strict implicit orthogonality between their magnetization state and the emitted polarization. This control was until now only demonstrated using cumbersome external magnetic field biasing to impose a polarization direction. We present here an efficient voltage control of the polarization state of terahertz spintronic emitters. Using a ferromagnetic spin pumping multilayer exhibiting simultaneously strong uniaxial magnetic anisotropy and magnetostriction in a crossed configuration, an emitter is achieved where, in principle, the stable magnetization direction can be fully and reversibly controlled over a 90° angle span only by an electric voltage. To achieve this, an engineered rare-earth based ferromagnetic multilayer is deposited on a piezoelectric (1−x)[Pb(Mg0.33Nb0.66)O3]−x[PbTiO3] (PMN-PT) substrate. We demonstrate experimentally a reversible 70° THz polarization rotation by sweeping the substrate voltage over 400 V. This demonstration allows for a fully THz polarization controlled ISHE spintronic terahertz emitter not needing any control of the magnetic bias. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No. 863155 (s-Nebula). The authors would like to thank the RENATECH network and the Barrande Fellowship Programme and acknowledge the support from the Government of the Czech Republic (Doctoral Grant competition CZ.02.2.69/0.0/0.0/19_073/0016945 under Project No. DGS/TEAM/2020-027).
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Submitted on : Friday, December 10, 2021 - 5:45:04 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 2:05:39 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, March 11, 2022 - 7:42:02 PM

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Geoffrey Lezier, Pierre Koleják, Jean-Francois Lampin, K Postava, Mathias Vanwolleghem, et al.. Fully reversible magnetoelectric voltage controlled THz polarization rotation in magnetostrictive spintronic emitters on PMN-PT. Applied Physics Letters, American Institute of Physics, 2022, 120, pp.152404. ⟨10.1063/5.0080372⟩. ⟨hal-03475323⟩

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