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Article Dans Une Revue Physical Review B Année : 2024

Prediction of stable nanoscale skyrmions in monolayer Fe$_5$GeTe$_2$

Résumé

Using first-principles calculations and atomistic spin simulations, we predict stable isolated skyrmions with a diameter below 10 nm in a monolayer of the two-dimensional van der Waals ferromagnet Fe$_5$GeTe$_2$, a material of significant experimental interest. A very large Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) is observed due to the intrinsic broken inversion symmetry and strong spin-orbit coupling for monolayer Fe$_5$GeTe$_2$. We show that the nearest-neighbor approximation, often used in literature, fails to describe the DMI. The strong DMI together with moderate in-plane magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy allows to stabilize nanoscale skyrmions in out-of-plane magnetic fields above $\approx 2$~T. The energy barriers of skyrmions in monolayer Fe$_5$GeTe$_2$ are comparable to those of state-of-the-art transition-metal ultra-thin films. We further predict that these nanoscale skyrmions can be stable for hours at temperatures up to 20 K.
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Dates et versions

hal-04610069 , version 1 (12-06-2024)

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Dongzhe Li, Soumyajyoti Haldar, Leo Kollwitz, Hendrik Schrautzer, Moritz A Goerzen, et al.. Prediction of stable nanoscale skyrmions in monolayer Fe$_5$GeTe$_2$. Physical Review B, 2024, 109 (22), pp.L220404. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.109.L220404⟩. ⟨hal-04610069⟩
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