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A Facile Technique to Extract the Cross-Sectional Structure of Brittle Porous Chars from Intumescent Coatings

Abstract : Intumescent coatings are part of passive fire protection systems. In case of fire, they expand under thermal stimuli and reduce heat transfer rates. Their expansion mechanisms are more or less recognized, but the fire testing data shall be interpreted as function of coating morphology. Expansion ratios are examined together with the inner structures of specimens submitted to fire. Bare cutting techniques damage the highly porous and fibrous specimens because they become very crumbly due to charring. So far, absorption contrasted X-ray computed microtomography (CT) was used as a non-destructive technique. Nevertheless, access to X-ray platforms can be relatively expensive and scarce for regular use. Also, it has some drawbacks for carbon rich specimens strongly adhering on steel substrates because it leads sometimes to noisy images and lost data due to resolution limits on specimens reaching ten of centimeters. Therefore, we propose an inexpensive and more accessible experimental approach to observe those specimens with minimized structural damage under visible lighting. To that end, charred specimens were casted into pigmented epoxy resin. After surface treatments, color contrasted cross-sections could be observed under optical digital microscopy thanks to high level of interconnectivity of pores. Subsequent image treatments confirmed that the structural integrity was kept when compared to previous CT data. The proposed method is practical, cheaper and more accessible for the quantitative assessment of inner structure of charred brittle specimens.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-02168036
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Soumis le : vendredi 28 juin 2019 - 13:41:36
Dernière modification le : lundi 25 mai 2020 - 13:53:14

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Gizem Okyay, Fabienne Samyn, Maude Jimenez, Serge Bourbigot. A Facile Technique to Extract the Cross-Sectional Structure of Brittle Porous Chars from Intumescent Coatings. Polymers, MDPI, 2019, 11 (4), pp.640. ⟨10.3390/polym11040640⟩. ⟨hal-02168036⟩

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