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Article Dans Une Revue Gait & Posture Année : 2016

A functional synergistic model to explain postural control during precise visual tasks

Résumé

In everyday life, individuals sometimes have to perform precise, or challenging, visual tasks in upright standing. Upright, one problem to perform precise saccades and fixations is that the body oscillates continuously in a mainly unpredictable way. Current cognitive models assume that the central nervous system should divide its attention to perform these 'dual tasks' because of limited attentional resources (keeping balance and performing the precise visual task). The problem with the concept of duality is that individuals (need to) succeed in precise visual tasks upright and should not be more unstable and inefficient - because of a division of attention - in these tasks. In our opinion, the central nervous system should work adaptively in a way that enables success in these tasks. Hence, instead of assuming 'duality' in cognitive processes, we suggest that i) a 'synergy' - or unification - between visual and postural processes may be required to succeed in precise visual tasks. Success in precise visual tasks upright would also require ii) the synergy to be based on two feedforward processes with the visual process being the leader; iii) individuals to reduce their postural sway to facilitate successful synergies; iiii) additional cognitive resources to link visual and postural processes. We discuss some literature findings consistent with these assumptions and summarize a recent validation of the synergistic model. In summary, both models of duality and synergy could be complementary and the present manuscript shows how they could be included in a higher-order, two directional, cognitive model of postural control.
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Dates et versions

hal-02178860 , version 1 (10-07-2019)

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Cédrick T. Bonnet, Stéphane Baudry. A functional synergistic model to explain postural control during precise visual tasks. Gait & Posture, 2016, Gait & Posture, 50, pp.120-125. ⟨10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.08.030⟩. ⟨hal-02178860⟩
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