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Interest of active posturography to detect age-related and early Parkinson's disease-related impairments in mediolateral postural control.

Abstract : Patients with Parkinson's disease display impairments of postural control most particularly in active, challenging conditions. The objective of the present study was to analyze early signs of disease-related and also age-related impairments in mediolateral body extension and postural control. Fifty-five participants (18 Hoehn and Yahr stage 2 patients in the off-drug condition, 18 healthy elderly control subjects, and 19 young adults) were included in the study. The participants performed a quiet stance task and two active tasks that analyzed the performance in mediolateral body motion: a limit of stability and a rhythmic weight shift task. As expected, the patients displayed significantly lower and slower body displacement (head, neck, lower back, center of pressure) than elderly control subjects when performing the two body excursion tasks. However, the behavioral variability in both tasks was similar between the groups. Under these active conditions, the patients showed significantly lower contribution of the hip postural control mechanisms compared with the elderly control subjects. Overall, the patients seemed to lower their performance in order to prevent a mediolateral postural instability. However, these patients, at an early stage of their disease, were not unstable in quiet stance. Complementarily, elderly control subjects displayed slower body performance than young adults, which therefore showed an additional age-related impairment in mediolateral postural control. Overall, the study illustrated markers of age-related and Parkinson's disease impairments in mediolateral postural control that may constrain everyday activities in elderly adults and even more in patients with Parkinson's disease.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-02178927
Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Soumis le : mercredi 10 juillet 2019 - 11:43:46
Dernière modification le : mardi 3 mars 2020 - 11:18:02

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  • HAL Id : hal-02178927, version 1
  • PUBMED : 25143549

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Cédrick T. Bonnet, Arnaud Delval, Luc Defebvre. Interest of active posturography to detect age-related and early Parkinson's disease-related impairments in mediolateral postural control.. Journal of Neurophysiology, American Physiological Society, 2014, Journal of neurophysiology, 112, pp.2638-46. ⟨hal-02178927⟩

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