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An effective flame retardant containing hypophosphorous acid for poly (lactic acid): Fire performance, thermal stability and mechanical properties

Abstract : An effective flame retardant N, N′-bis [salicylidene hypophosphorous acid]-1, 2-ethylenediamine (SHPE) was synthesized by a Kabachnik-Fields reaction between hypophosphorous acid and a Schiff base compound. The chemical structure was confirmed by FTIR, 1HNMR and organic element analysis. SHPE was melt blended with poly (lactic acid) (PLA) matrix to enhance the flame retardancy. Fire behavior evaluation of PLA composites indicated that the presence of 10 wt% SHPE increased the LOI value up to 28.3%, developed the UL-94 grade to V-0 rating, and significantly decreased the peak heat release rate (pHRR) and total heat release (THR) of PLA composites. The analysis of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), FTIR, Raman spectrum and scanning electron microscope (SEM) demonstrated that SHPE exerted flame retarding effect in both gas and condense phases. It was proposed that the presence of SHPE catalyzed random chain scission of PLA, and accelerated the formation of melt dripping to take away heat during combustion. The elongation at break of PLA/SHPE composites were increased compared with that of PLA. The compatibility of SHPE and APP in PLA was also compared.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-02180613
Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Soumis le : jeudi 11 juillet 2019 - 15:36:37
Dernière modification le : mardi 17 mars 2020 - 02:23:32

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Xingguo Wang, Jun Sun, Xiaodong Liu, Shengling Jiang, Julin Wang, et al.. An effective flame retardant containing hypophosphorous acid for poly (lactic acid): Fire performance, thermal stability and mechanical properties. Polymer Testing, Elsevier, 2019, Polymer Testing, ⟨10.1016/j.polymertesting.2019.105940⟩. ⟨hal-02180613⟩

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