Proximal postural control mechanisms may be exaggeratedly adopted by individuals with peripheral deficiencies: a review.

Abstract : In quiet stance, it is understood that healthy individuals control their posture primarily by a peripheral mechanism for anteroposterior sway and by a proximal mechanism for medialateral sway. The authors proposed the hypothesis that patients suffering from disease-related deficiencies, at their feet and legs, may exaggeratedly adopt proximal control mechanisms at their hip in the anteroposterior and medialateral axes. They critically reviewed the literature to test the proximal control hypothesis against published findings. The selected articles analyzed postural control mechanisms in individuals with diabetic peripheral neuropathy and in healthy controls. The data selected were kinematic and electromyographic. In the anteroposterior axis, 4 authors had previously tested the proposed hypothesis, but the findings are contrasted. In the medialateral axis, one study failed to validate the tested hypothesis. Overall, the published studies did not conform with the proximal control hypothesis. However, these studies did not specifically or deeply test such a hypothesis. The lack of results is critical because individuals suffering from peripheral disease-related deficiencies may be unstable, in part, because of a change in postural control mechanisms. For improvement of their stability and appropriate interventions, scientific explorations of the proximal control hypothesis should be investigated. Two proposals are made to move forward.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-02186614
Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Soumis le : mercredi 17 juillet 2019 - 12:51:06
Dernière modification le : jeudi 18 juillet 2019 - 01:09:58

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  • HAL Id : hal-02186614, version 1
  • PUBMED : 21732867

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Cédrick T. Bonnet, Marc Lepeut. Proximal postural control mechanisms may be exaggeratedly adopted by individuals with peripheral deficiencies: a review.. Journal of motor behavior, 2011, Journal of motor behavior, 43, pp.319-28. ⟨hal-02186614⟩

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