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Article dans une revue

Hallucinations and conscious access to visual inputs in Parkinson's disease

Abstract : The pathophysiology of visual hallucinations in Parkinson's disease has yet to be characterized. Although stimulus-driven ("bottom-up") processes are known to be impaired, the role of "top-down" processes remains to be determined. Distinguishing between conscious and non-conscious detections (i.e. access to consciousness) may be a valuable way of monitoring top-down processes. Conscious access to visual inputs was investigated to identify the neural substrates underlying susceptibility to hallucinations in Parkinson's disease. Seventeen healthy controls, 18 Parkinson's disease patients with minor visual hallucinations and 16 without were enrolled in the study. During functional magnetic resonance imaging, the participants performed a visual detection task. The detection threshold was significantly higher in each patient group than in healthy controls while the two groups of patients did not differ significantly. Compared with hallucination-free patients, patients with minor hallucinations displayed hyperactivation of prefrontal and right occipital cortices, and hypoactivation of the left cingulate, temporal and occipital cortices. During conscious access to visual inputs, the functional network in patients with visual hallucinations differed from that seen in patients without visual hallucinations. This suggests that the supremacy of top-down processes in visual information processing may enhance susceptibility to hallucinations in Parkinson's disease.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-02358601
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Stéphanie Lefebvre, Guillaume Baille, Renaud Jardri, Lucie Plomhause, Sébastien Szaffarczyk, et al.. Hallucinations and conscious access to visual inputs in Parkinson's disease. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2016, 6, pp.36284. ⟨10.1038/srep36284⟩. ⟨hal-02358601⟩

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