Continuous exercise induces airway epithelium damage while a matched-intensity and volume intermittent exercise does not.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: While continuous exercise (CE) induces greater ventilation ([Formula: see text] ) when compared to intermittent exercise (IE), little is known of the consequences on airway damage. Our aim was to investigate markers of epithelial cell damage - i.e. serum levels of CC16 and of the CC16/SP-D ratio - during and following a bout of CE and IE of matched work. METHODS: Sixteen healthy young adults performed a 30-min continuous (CE) and a 60-min intermittent exercise (IE; 1-min work: 1-min rest) on separate occasions in a random order. Intensity was set at 70% of their maximum work rate (WR ). Heart rate (HR) and [Formula: see text] were measured throughout both tests. Blood samples were taken at rest, after the 10th min of the warm-up, at the end of both exercises, half way through IE (matched time but 50% work done for IE) as well as 30- and 60-min post-exercise. Lactate and CC16 and SP-D were determined. RESULTS: Mean [Formula: see text] was higher for CE compared to IE (85 ± 17 l.min vs 50 ± 8 l.min , respectively; P < 0.001). Serum-based markers of epithelial cell damage remained unchanged during IE. Interaction of test × time was observed for SP-D (P = 0.02), CC16 (μg.l ) (P = 0.006) and CC16/SP-D ratio (P = 0.03). Maximum delta CC16/SP-D was significantly correlated with mean [Formula: see text] sustained (r = 0.83, P < 0.001) during CE but not during IE. CONCLUSIONS: The 30-min CE performed at 70% WR induced mild airway damage, while a time- or work-matched IE did not. The extent of the damage during CE was associated with the higher ventilation rate.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [40 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger

https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-02375520
Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Soumis le : vendredi 22 novembre 2019 - 09:18:22
Dernière modification le : mardi 26 novembre 2019 - 01:30:39

Fichier

Lilloa.pdf
Fichiers produits par l'(les) auteur(s)

Identifiants

Collections

Citation

Adrien Combes, Jeanne Dekerle, Xavier Dumont, Rosie Twomey, Alfred Bernard, et al.. Continuous exercise induces airway epithelium damage while a matched-intensity and volume intermittent exercise does not.. Respiratory research, 2019, Respiratory research, 20, pp.12. ⟨10.1186/s12931-019-0978-1⟩. ⟨hal-02375520⟩

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

8

Téléchargements de fichiers

18