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Baclofen for alcohol dependence: relationships between baclofen and alcohol dosing and the occurrence of major sedation

Abstract : High-dose baclofen, i.e., 300 mg/d or more, has recently emerged as a strategy for treating alcohol dependence. The impact that the co-exposure of large amounts of alcohol and baclofen has on sedation is unclear. In a prospective cohort of 253 subjects with alcohol dependence, we collected daily alcohol and baclofen doses across the first year of baclofen treatment and the monthly maximum subjective sedation experienced by each patient (0-10 visual analog scale). For each patient-month, we determined the average weekly alcohol consumption (AWAC; standard-drinks/week) and the maximum daily dose of baclofen (DDB; mg/d). The occurrence of an episode of major sedation (EMS) during a patient-month was defined as a sedation score ≥7. The relationship between the EMS occurrence and the concurrent AWAC and DDB was investigated using a generalized estimating equation model. In total, 1528 patient-months were compiled (70 with an EMS). Univariate analyses demonstrated that the rate of patient-month to EMS increased gradually with AWAC (p<0.001), from 0.9% for AWAC=0 to 9.4% for AWAC >35. There was also a significant gradual risk for EMS associated with DDB (<0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated a significant interaction between DDB and AWAC on EMS risk (p=0.047). Each 20mg/d increase in DDB was associated with an OR of EMS in AWAC >35 of 1.22 (95%CI, 1.08-1.38) versus 1.11 (95%CI, 0.96-1.29) in AWAC=1-35, and 0.95 (95%CI, 0.76-1.19) in AWAC=0. The level of sedation observed in patients using baclofen for alcohol dependence appears to directly depend on the immediate doses of both the baclofen and the alcohol.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-02383815
Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Soumis le : jeudi 28 novembre 2019 - 08:52:19
Dernière modification le : mardi 10 novembre 2020 - 16:48:02

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Benjamin Rolland, Julien Labreuche, Alain Duhamel, Sylvie Deheul, Sophie Gautier, et al.. Baclofen for alcohol dependence: relationships between baclofen and alcohol dosing and the occurrence of major sedation. European Neuropsychopharmacology, Elsevier, 2015, European neuropsychopharmacology the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 25, pp.1631-1636. ⟨10.1016/j.euroneuro.2015.05.008⟩. ⟨hal-02383815⟩

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