Accéder directement au contenu Accéder directement à la navigation
Article dans une revue

Correlates of Social Exclusion in Social Anxiety Disorder: An fMRI study

Abstract : Cognitive models posit that social anxiety disorder (SAD) is maintained by biased information-processing vis-à-vis threat of social exclusion. However, uncertainty still abounds regarding the very nature of this sensitivity to social exclusion in SAD. Especially, brain alterations related to social exclusion have not been explored in SAD. Our primary purpose was thus to determine both the self-report and neural correlates of social exclusion in this population. 23 patients with SAD and 23 matched nonanxious controls played a virtual game (“Cyberball”) during fMRI recording. Participants were first included by other players, then excluded, and finally re-included. At the behavioral level, patients with SAD exhibited significantly higher levels of social exclusion feelings than nonanxious controls. At the brain level, patients with SAD exhibited significantly higher activation within the left inferior frontal gyrus relative to nonanxious controls during the re-inclusion phase. Moreover, self-report of social exclusion correlates with the activity of this cluster among individuals qualifying for SAD diagnosis. Our pattern of findings lends strong support to the notion that SAD may be better portrayed by a poor ability to recover following social exclusion than during social exclusion per se. These findings value social neuroscience as an innovative procedure to gain new insight into the underlying mechanisms of SAD.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [64 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger
Contributeur : LillOA Université de Lille Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : lundi 23 mars 2020 - 15:47:25
Dernière modification le : mercredi 23 mars 2022 - 15:51:20


Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte


Distributed under a Creative Commons Paternité 4.0 International License




Alexandre Heeren, Laurence Dricot, Joël Billieux, Pierre Philippot, Delphine Grynberg, et al.. Correlates of Social Exclusion in Social Anxiety Disorder: An fMRI study. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7, pp.260. ⟨10.1038/s41598-017-00310-9⟩. ⟨hal-02406194⟩



Consultations de la notice


Téléchargements de fichiers