Death Preparation and Boredom Reduction as Functions of Reminiscence in Alzheimer's Disease

Abstract : Reminiscence, or the process of thinking or telling about past experience, is thought to serve social, instrumental, and integrative functions. Our paper investigated these functions in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Twenty-six participants with a clinical diagnosis of probable mild AD and 28 control older adults filled in a French adaptation of the Reminiscence Functions Scale. Eight specific functions were assessed: death preparation, identity, problem-solving, teaching/informing, conversation, boredom reduction, bitterness revival, and intimacy maintenance. Both older adults and AD participants reported reminiscence about their past to prepare themselves for the idea of their own mortality. All participants also reported reminiscence "to reduce boredom" and "for something to do". However, reminiscence for death preparation and boredom reduction was reported more by AD participants than by older adults. In all participants, the death preparation function of reminiscence was significantly correlated with depression. Individuals with AD seem to reminiscence to cope with thoughts about their own mortality. This helps them to see that they have lived a full life and can therefore accept death more calmly. Individuals with AD also seem to cope with boredom by using reminiscence, probably as a tool to fill time or simply to create ease of conversation.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-02416533
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Soumis le : mardi 17 décembre 2019 - 17:06:02
Dernière modification le : mercredi 18 décembre 2019 - 01:48:51

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Mohamad El Haj, Pascal Antoine. Death Preparation and Boredom Reduction as Functions of Reminiscence in Alzheimer's Disease. Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD, 2016, Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 54 (2), pp.515-523. ⟨10.3233/JAD-160497⟩. ⟨hal-02416533⟩

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