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Article dans une revue

Dissociating emotional and cognitive empathy in pre-clinical and clinical Huntington's disease

Abstract : Huntington's disease (HD) is centrally characterized by motor, neurocognitive and psychiatric symptoms, but impaired emotional decoding abilities have also been reported. However, more complex affective abilities are still to be explored, and particularly empathy, which is essential for social relations and is impaired in various psychiatric conditions. This study evaluates empathic abilities and social skills in pre-clinical and clinical HD, and explores the distinction between two empathy sub-components (emotional-cognitive). Thirty-six HD patients (17 pre-clinical) and 36 matched controls filled in the Empathy Quotient Scale, while controlling for psychopathological comorbidities. At the clinical stage of HD, no global empathy impairment was observed but rather a specific deficit for the cognitive sub-component, while emotional empathy was preserved. A deficit was also observed for social skills. Pre-clinical HD was not associated with any empathy deficit. Emotional deficits in clinical HD are thus not limited to basic emotion decoding but extend towards complex interpersonal abilities. The dissociation between impaired cognitive and preserved emotional empathy in clinical HD reinforces the proposal that empathy subtypes are sustained by distinct processes. Finally, these results underline the extent of distinct affective and social impairments in HD and the need to grasp them in clinical contexts.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-02439822
Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Soumis le : mardi 14 janvier 2020 - 17:57:58
Dernière modification le : lundi 23 novembre 2020 - 17:08:02

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Pierre Maurage, Magali Lahaye, Delphine Grynberg, Anne Jeanjean, Lamia Guettat, et al.. Dissociating emotional and cognitive empathy in pre-clinical and clinical Huntington's disease. Psychiatry Research, 2016, Psychiatry Research, 237, pp.103-108. ⟨10.1016/j.psychres.2016.01.070⟩. ⟨hal-02439822⟩

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