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Article Dans Une Revue Psychological Research Année : 2016

The effect of facial expressions on peripersonal and interpersonal spaces

Gennaro Ruggiero
  • Fonction : Auteur
Francesca Frassinetti
  • Fonction : Auteur
Mariachiara Rapuano
  • Fonction : Auteur
Armando Schiano Di Cola
  • Fonction : Auteur
Tina Iachini
  • Fonction : Auteur


Identifying individuals' intent through the emotional valence conveyed by their facial expression influences our capacity to approach-avoid these individuals during social interactions. Here, we explore if and how the emotional valence of others' facial expressiveness modulates peripersonal-action and interpersonal-social spaces. Through Immersive Virtual Reality, participants determined reachability-distance (for peripersonal space) and comfort-distance (for interpersonal space) from male/female virtual confederates exhibiting happy, angry and neutral facial expressions while being approached by (passive-approach) or walking toward (active-approach) them. Results showed an increase of distance when seeing angry rather than happy confederates in both approach conditions of comfort-distance. The effect also appeared in reachability-distance, but only in the passive-approach. Anger prompts avoidant behaviors, and thus an expansion of distance, particularly with a potential violation of near body space by an intruder. Overall, the findings suggest that peripersonal-action space, in comparison with interpersonal-social space, is similarly sensitive to the emotional valence of stimuli. We propose that this similarity could reflect a common adaptive mechanism shared by these spaces, presumably at different degrees, for ensuring self-protection functions.

Dates et versions

hal-02450496 , version 1 (23-01-2020)



Gennaro Ruggiero, Francesca Frassinetti, Yann Coello, Mariachiara Rapuano, Armando Schiano Di Cola, et al.. The effect of facial expressions on peripersonal and interpersonal spaces. Psychological Research, 2016, Psychological Research, ⟨10.1007/s00426-016-0806-x⟩. ⟨hal-02450496⟩
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