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Impact of emotional competence on supportive care needs, anxiety and depression symptoms of cancer patients: a multiple mediation model

Abstract : PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test the effect of intrapersonal and interpersonal emotional competence on cancer patients' supportive care needs, as mediated by anxiety and depression symptoms. METHODS: Cross-sectional design: 137 cancer patients (42% breast or ovarian cancer, 58% gastrointestinal cancer) in 4 French hospitals completed the Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the Supportive Care Needs Survey Short Form (SCNS-SF). Bootstrap methods with PROCESS Macro were used to test multiple mediation models. RESULTS: Emotional competence presented a direct or indirect beneficial effect on the satisfaction of supportive care needs, anxiety and depression symptoms. As expected, anxiety and depression symptoms had also strong positive correlations with unmet needs. All multiple mediation models were significant, except for physical needs: intrapersonal and interpersonal emotional competence impacted anxiety and depression symptoms, which in turn impacted psychological, sexual, care/support, and information needs. CONCLUSIONS: These innovative results show the important effect of patients' emotional competence on their supportive care need satisfaction, as mediated by anxiety and depression. Consequently, patients with high emotional competence may require less psychosocial input from medical clinicians. Thus, emotional competence may be integrated into health models and psychosocial interventions to improve patient adjustment. Further investigation is, however, needed to know which are the most beneficial specific emotional competences and at what point of the cancer pathway.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-02490451
Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Soumis le : mardi 25 février 2020 - 11:15:44
Dernière modification le : mardi 3 novembre 2020 - 10:26:01

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Anne-Sophie Baudry, Sophie Lelorain, M. Mahieuxe, Veronique Christophe. Impact of emotional competence on supportive care needs, anxiety and depression symptoms of cancer patients: a multiple mediation model. Supportive Care in Cancer, 2017, Supportive Care in Cancer, 26 (1), pp.223-230. ⟨10.1007/s00520-017-3838-x⟩. ⟨hal-02490451⟩

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