S. Ahmaidi, K. Collomp, and C. Préfaut, The effect of shuttle test protocol and the resulting lactacidaemia on maximal velocity and maximal oxygen uptake during the shuttle exercise test, European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, vol.65, issue.5, pp.475-479, 1992.

V. W. Barry, M. Baruth, M. W. Beets, J. L. Durstine, J. Liu et al., , 2014.

, Fitness vs. fatness on all-cause mortality: a meta-analysis, Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, vol.56, issue.4, pp.382-390

S. Berthoin, M. Gerbeaux, E. Turpin, F. Guerrin, G. Lensel-corbeil et al., Comparison of two field tests to estimate maximum aerobic speed, Journal of Sports Sciences, vol.12, issue.4, pp.355-362, 1994.

P. G. Breithaupt, R. C. Colley, and K. B. Adamo, Using the oxygen uptake efficiency slope as an indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness in the obese pediatric population, Pediatric Exercise Science, vol.24, issue.3, pp.357-368, 2012.

M. Buchheit, B. Haydar, K. Hader, P. Ufland, and S. Ahmaidi, Assessing running economy during field running with changes of direction: application to 20 m shuttle runs, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, vol.6, issue.3, pp.380-395, 2011.

J. Castro-piñeiro, F. B. Ortega, X. D. Keating, J. L. González-montesinos, M. Sjöstrom et al., Percentile values for aerobic performance running/walking field tests in children aged 6 to 17 years: influence of weight status, Nutricion Hospitalaria, vol.26, issue.3, pp.572-578, 2011.

C. Compher, D. Frankenfield, N. Keim, and L. Roth-yousey, Best practice methods to apply to measurement of resting metabolic rate in adults: a systematic review, Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol.106, issue.6, pp.881-903, 2006.

A. Dellal, D. Keller, C. Carling, A. Chaouachi, D. P. Wong et al., , 2010.

, Physiologic effects of directional changes in intermittent exercise in soccer players, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol.24, issue.12, pp.3219-3226

P. E. Di-prampero, The energy cost of human locomotion on land and in water, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.7, issue.2, pp.55-72, 1986.

S. Fawkner and N. Armstrong, Oxygen uptake kinetic response to exercise in children, Sports Medicine, vol.33, issue.9, pp.651-669, 2003.

S. Garcia-vicencio, V. Martin, V. Kluka, C. Cardenoux, A. G. Jegu et al., Obesity-related differences in neuromuscular fatigue in adolescent girls, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.115, issue.11, pp.2421-2432, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01659896

Y. Hatamoto, Y. Yamada, H. Sagayama, Y. Higaki, A. Kiyonaga et al., The relationship between running velocity and the cost of running of turning during running, PLoS One, issue.1, p.9, 2014.

Q. Q. He, T. W. Wong, L. Du, Z. Q. Jiang, H. Qiu et al., Respiratory health in overweight and obese Chinese children, Pediatric Pulmonology, vol.44, issue.10, pp.997-1002, 2009.

P. H. Klijn, O. H. Van-der-baan-slootweg, and H. F. Van-stel, Aerobic exercise in adolescents with obesity: Preliminary evaluation of a modular training program and the modified shuttle test, BMC Pediatrics, 2007.

E. Kvaavik, K. Klepp, G. S. Tell, H. E. Meyer, and G. D. Batty, Physical fitness and physical activity at age 13 years as predictors of cardiovascular disease risk factors at ages 15, 25, 33, and 40 years: extended follow-up of the Oslo Youth Study, Pediatrics, vol.123, issue.1, pp.80-86, 2008.

N. Lazaar, J. Aucouturier, S. Ratel, M. Rance, M. Bedu et al., , 2006.

, Influence d'un programme d'activité physique sur la perception de la contrainte de l'exercice chez le jeune enfant obèse vs non obèse, Science and Sports, vol.21, issue.2, pp.104-106

S. Lazzer, D. Salvadego, S. Porcelli, E. Rejc, F. Agosti et al., Skeletal muscle oxygen uptake in obese patients: functional evaluation by kneeextension exercise, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.113, issue.8, pp.2125-2132, 2013.

L. Léger, J. Lambert, A. Goulet, C. Rowan, and Y. Dinelle, Aerobic capacity of 6 to 17-year-old Quebecois--20 meter shuttle run test with 1 minute stages, Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, vol.9, issue.2, pp.64-69, 1984.

B. Marinov, S. Kostianev, and T. Turnovska, Ventilatory efficiency and rate of perceived exertion in obese and non-obese children performing standardized exercise, Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, vol.22, issue.4, pp.254-260, 2002.

M. Mendelson, A. S. Michallet, F. Estève, C. Perrin, P. Levy et al., Ventilatory responses to exercise training in obese adolescents, Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, vol.184, issue.1, pp.73-79, 2012.

G. Morinder, E. Mattsson, C. Sollander, C. Marcus, and U. E. Larsson, Sixminute walk test in obese children and adolescents: Reproducibility and validity, Physiotherapy Research International, vol.14, issue.2, pp.91-104, 2009.

J. Nantel, M. Brochu, and F. Prince, Locomotor strategies in obese and nonobese children, Obesity, vol.14, issue.10, pp.1789-1794, 2006.

G. P. Nassis, G. Psarra, and L. S. Sidossis, Central and total adiposity are lower in overweight and obese children with high cardiorespiratory fitness, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol.59, issue.1, pp.137-141, 2005.

A. Norman, Influence of excess adiposity on exercise fitness and performance in overweight children and adolescents, Pediatrics, vol.115, issue.6, pp.690-696, 2005.

G. O?malley, J. Hussey, and E. Roche, A pilot study to profile the lower limb musculoskeletal health in children with obesity, Pediatric Physical Therapy, vol.24, issue.3, pp.292-298, 2012.

F. B. Ortega, J. R. Ruiz, M. J. Castillo, and M. Sjöström, Physical fitness in childhood and adolescence: a powerful marker of health, International Journal of Obesity, vol.32, issue.1, pp.1-11, 2008.

F. B. Ortega, I. Labayen, J. R. Ruiz, E. Kurvinen, H. M. Loit et al., Improvements in fitness reduce the risk of becoming overweight across puberty, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol.43, issue.10, pp.1891-1897, 2011.

N. Peyrot, D. Thivel, L. Isacco, J. Morin, P. Duche et al., Do mechanical gait parameters explain the higher metabolic cost of walking in obese adolescents, Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.106, issue.6, pp.1763-1770, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01232361

S. Quinart, A. Groslambert, F. Ecarnot, M. Simon-rigaud, M. Nicolet-guénat et al., Validation of a new scale to measure perceived exertion in obese adolescents: The Childhood Obesity Perceived Exertion, 2016.

. Scale, Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, vol.56, issue.9, pp.1013-1020

S. Quinart, F. Mougin, M. L. Simon-rigaud, M. Nicolet-guénat, V. Nègre et al., Evaluation of cardiorespiratory fitness using three field tests in obese adolescents: Validity, sensitivity and prediction of peak V O2, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol.17, issue.5, pp.521-525, 2014.

O. Rey, D. Rossi, C. Nicol, C. S. Mercier, J. M. Vallier et al., , 2013.

, Évaluation indirecte de la capacité aérobie d'adolescents obèses: Intérêt d'un test de course à pied intermittent court, progressif et maximal, Science and Sports, issue.5, p.28

O. Rey, C. Maïano, C. Nicol, C. S. Mercier, and J. M. Vallier, Psychophysiological responses of obese adolescents to an intermittent run test compared with a 20-m shuttle run, Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, vol.15, issue.3, pp.451-459, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01649487

R. Cole, T. J. Sempé, M. Tichet, J. Rossignol, C. et al., Body Mass Index variations: centiles from birth to 87 years, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol.45, issue.1, pp.13-21, 1991.

M. Rosenbaum, K. Vandenborne, R. Goldsmith, J. Simoneau, S. Heymsfield et al., Effects of experimental weight perturbation on skeletal muscle work efficiency in human subjects, American Journal of Physiology -Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol.285, issue.1, pp.183-192, 2003.

D. Rossi, D. Mauffrey, and C. Nicol, Présentation d'un protocole de test d'aptitude à l'effort aérobie, Revue Hyper-EPS, vol.244, pp.4-9, 2009.

D. Salvadego, S. Lazzer, C. Busti, R. Galli, F. Agosti et al., Gas exchange kinetics in obese adolescents. Inferences on exercise tolerance and prescription, AJP: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol.299, issue.5, pp.1298-1305, 2010.

K. Sheehan and J. Gormley, Gait and increased body weight (potential implications for musculoskeletal disease), Physical Therapy Reviews, vol.17, issue.2, pp.91-98, 2012.

D. Thivel, G. O'malley, D. Blourdier, M. Tremeaux, C. Zanchet et al., Reproducibility of the intermittent Spartacus Run Test in obese adolescents, The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, vol.57, issue.9, pp.1083-1088, 2017.

D. Thivel and J. Aucouturier, Cardiorespiratory fitness evaluation in obese youth, 2015.

D. Thivel, J. Verney, M. Miguet, J. Masurier, C. Cardenoux et al., The accuracy of bioelectrical impedance to track body composition changes depends on the degree of obesity in adolescents with obesity, Nutrition Research, vol.54, pp.60-68, 2018.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01923870

D. Thivel, L. Isacco, G. O'malley, and P. Duché, Pediatric Obesity and Perceived Exertion: Difference Between Weight-Bearing and Non-Weight-Bearing Exercises Performed at Different Intensities, Journal of Sports Sciences, vol.34, issue.5, pp.389-394, 2016.

D. Thivel, J. Masurier, G. Baquet, B. W. Timmons, B. Pereira et al., High-intensity interval training in overweight and obese children and adolescents: Systematic review and meta-analysis, Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, vol.59, issue.2, pp.310-324, 2019.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02103881

A. E. Tjønna, T. O. Stølen, A. Bye, M. Volden, S. A. Slördahl et al., Aerobic interval training reduces cardiovascular risk factors more than a multitreatment approach in overweight adolescents, Clinical Science, vol.116, issue.4, pp.317-326, 2009.

G. R. Tomkinson, J. J. Lang, M. S. Tremblay, M. Dale, A. G. Leblanc et al., International normative 20 m shuttle run values from 1 142 026 children and youth representing 50 countries, British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.51, issue.21, pp.1545-54, 2017.

G. Twig, G. Yaniv, H. Levine, A. Leiba, N. Goldberger et al., Body-mass index in 2.3 million adolescents and cardiovascular death in adulthood, New England Journal of Medicine, vol.374, issue.25, pp.2430-2440, 2016.

J. Vanhelst, P. S. Fardy, J. Salleron, and L. Béghin, The six-minute walk test in obese youth: reproducibility, validity, and prediction equation to assess respiratory power, Disability and Rehabilitation, vol.35, issue.6, pp.479-482, 2013.

H. K. Vincent, Advising the obese patient on starting a running program, Current Sports Medicine Reports, vol.14, issue.4, 2015.