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Factors associated with the 6-minute walk distance in patients with systemic sclerosis

Abstract : BACKGROUND: There is an ongoing debate regarding the relevance of the 6-minute walking distance (6MWD) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) assessment, widely used as a usual test in these patients as well as an outcome measure in clinical trials. In this work, we aimed to assess the associations between the 6MWD and various disease parameters in patients with SSc. METHODS: Consecutive patients followed in our SSc National Reference Centre were included in this cross-sectional study if they fulfilled the 2013 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism criteria for SSc. Data were systematically collected during a comprehensive standardized evaluation that included a 6-minute walk test, clinical assessment, biological results, pulmonary function tests, transthoracic echocardiography, composite scores (European Scleroderma Study Group Activity Index, Medsger severity score, Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI)) and treatments. Associations of the 6MWD with various disease parameters were assessed by linear regression in univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: The study population comprised 298 patients (females 81%; mean age 58.2 ± 13.3 years; limited cutaneous SSc 82%; interstitial lung disease (ILD) 42%; pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) 6%). The 6MWD was significantly and independently associated with gender, age, body mass index, baseline heart rate (HR), HR variation during the test, PAH, history of arterial thrombosis and C-reactive protein levels, as well as with the HAQ-DI score in a sensitivity analysis. Muscle involvement, joint involvement and ILD were not independently associated with the 6MWD. CONCLUSIONS: During SSc, the 6MWD is independently associated with initial HR and HR variation; with PAH but not ILD, suggesting that pulmonary vasculopathy may have a greater impact than parenchymal involvement on functional limitation; and with global markers of disease activity and patient disability. These results give clinicians further insight into how to interpret the 6MWD in the context of SSc.
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Soumis le : jeudi 26 mars 2020 - 10:56:32
Dernière modification le : mercredi 23 mars 2022 - 15:51:26
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Sébastien Sanges, Jonathan Giovannelli, Vincent Sobanski, Sandrine Morell-Dubois, Helene Maillard, et al.. Factors associated with the 6-minute walk distance in patients with systemic sclerosis. Arthritis Research and Therapy, BioMed Central, 2017, 19, pp.279. ⟨10.1186/s13075-017-1489-4⟩. ⟨hal-02519623⟩



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