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Prone to feel guilty: Self-evaluative emotions in alcohol-dependence

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Prior research has repeatedly shown that alcohol-dependence is associated with interpersonal difficulties. However, guilt and shame, two crucial self-evaluative emotions triggered by the transgression of social norms, have not been explored among alcohol-dependent individuals despite their important role in psychiatric disorders. The present study thus aimed to investigate whether alcohol-dependence is associated with greater proneness to negatively evaluate one's own behaviors (guilt) or the entire self (shame). METHODS: 25 alcohol-dependent individuals (ADI) and 25 matched healthy individuals completed a scenario-based inventory (TOSCA-3), requiring from participants to rate the extent they will react to each scenario in terms of (contextualized) guilt and shame. Participants also completed a list of adjectives related to the frequency at which they generally experience (uncontextualized) guilt and shame (PFQ-2). RESULTS: When controlling for possible confounds (i.e., depression and anxiety), ADI reported greater proneness to experience guilt at the TOSCA-3 (η2=.22) compared to healthy individuals. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to show that alcohol-dependence is associated with greater contextualized guilt-proneness, i.e., negative evaluation of one's own behaviors that transgress social norms. Therefore, these results reinforce the relevance of social disorders in alcohol-dependence and indicate that ADI may benefit of therapeutic programs to avoid a generalization of guilt towards shame.
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Soumis le : mercredi 8 avril 2020 - 12:32:26
Dernière modification le : mercredi 23 mars 2022 - 15:51:20




Delphine Grynberg, Philippe de Timary, Aude van Heuverswijn, Pierre Maurage. Prone to feel guilty: Self-evaluative emotions in alcohol-dependence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Elsevier, 2017, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 179, pp.78-82. ⟨10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.06.030⟩. ⟨hal-02536776⟩



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