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Article dans une revue

Self-defining memories during exposure to music in Alzheimer's disease

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Research suggests that exposure to music may enhance autobiographical recall in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) patients. This study investigated whether exposure to music could enhance the production of self-defining memories, that is, memories that contribute to self-discovery, self-understanding, and identity in AD patients. METHODS: Twenty-two mild-stage AD patients and 24 healthy controls were asked to produce autobiographical memories in silence, while listening to researcher-chosen music, and to their own-chosen music. RESULTS: AD patients showed better autobiographical recall when listening to their own-chosen music than to researcher-chosen music or than in silence. More precisely, they produced more self-defining memories during exposure to their own-chosen music than to researcher-chosen music or during silence. Additionally, AD patients produced more self-defining memories than autobiographical episodes or personal-semantics during exposure to their own-chosen music. This pattern contrasted with the poor production of self-defining memories during silence or during exposure to researcher-chosen music. Healthy controls did not seem to enjoy the same autobiographical benefits nor the same self-defining memory enhancement in the self-chosen music condition. CONCLUSIONS: Poor production of self-defining memories, as observed in AD, may somehow be alleviated by exposure to self-chosen music.
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Soumis le : vendredi 10 avril 2020 - 14:37:49
Dernière modification le : mercredi 23 mars 2022 - 15:51:20



Mohamad El Haj, Pascal Antoine, Jean-Louis Nandrino, Marie-Christine Gély-Nargeot, Stephane Raffard. Self-defining memories during exposure to music in Alzheimer's disease. International Psychogeriatrics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2015, International psychogeriatrics / IPA, 27 (10), pp.1719-1730. ⟨10.1017/S1041610215000812⟩. ⟨hal-02539900⟩



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