, National institute for clinical excellence NICE Technology Appraisal No. 49: guidance on the use of ultrasound locating devices for placing central venous catheters, 2002.

C. A. Troianos, G. S. Hartman, K. E. Glas, N. J. Skubas, R. T. Eberhardt et al., Guidelines for performing ultrasound guided vascular cannulation: recommendations of the American Society of Echocardiography and the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists, J Am Soc Echocardiogr, vol.24, pp.1291-318, 2011.

S. M. Rupp, J. L. Apfelbaum, C. Blitt, R. A. Caplan, R. T. Connis et al., Practice guidelines for central venous access: a report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Central Venous Access, Anesthesiology, vol.116, pp.539-73, 2012.

P. Frykholm, A. Pikwer, F. Hammarskjöld, A. T. Larsson, S. Lindgren et al., Clinical guidelines on central venous catheterisation. Swedish Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, vol.58, pp.508-532, 2014.

M. Lamperti, A. R. Bodenham, M. Pittiruti, M. Blaivas, J. G. Augoustides et al., International evidence-based recommendations on ultrasound-guided vascular access, Intensive Care Med, vol.38, pp.1105-1122, 2012.

P. L. Bailey, L. G. Glance, M. P. Eaton, B. Parshall, and S. Mcintosh, A survey of the use of ultrasound during central venous catheterization, Anesth Analg, vol.104, pp.491-498, 2007.

C. Matava and J. Hayes, A survey of ultrasound use by academic and community anesthesiologists in Ontario, Can J Anaesth, vol.58, pp.929-964, 2011.

S. Lindgren, A. Pikwer, S. E. Ricksten, and J. Åkeson, Survey of central venous catheterisation practice in Sweden, Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, vol.57, pp.1237-1281, 2013.

L. Zieleskiewicz, L. Muller, K. Lakhal, Z. Meresse, C. Arbelot et al., Point-of-care ultrasound in intensive care units: assessment of 1073 procedures in a multicentric, prospective, observational study, Intensive Care Med, vol.41, pp.1638-1685, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01758771

J. J. Parienti, N. Mongardon, B. Megarbane, J. P. Mira, P. Kalfon et al., Intravascular complications of central venous catheterization by insertion site, N Engl J Med, vol.373, pp.1220-1229, 2015.

M. S. Dassinger, E. J. Renaud, A. Goldin, E. Y. Huang, R. T. Russell et al., Use of real-time ultrasound during central venous catheter placement: results of an APSA survey, J Pediatr Surg, vol.50, pp.1162-1169, 2015.

M. S. Buchanan, B. Backlund, M. M. Liao, J. Sun, R. K. Cydulka et al., Use of ultrasound guidance for central venous catheter placement: survey from the American Board of Emergency Medicine Longitudinal Study of Emergency Physicians, Acad Emerg Med, vol.21, pp.416-437, 2014.

K. E. Burns, M. Duffett, M. E. Kho, M. O. Meade, N. K. Adhikari et al., A guide for the design and conduct of self-administered surveys of clinicians, CMAJ, vol.179, pp.245-52, 2008.

O. Mimoz, R. Moreira, D. Frasca, M. Boisson, and C. Dahyot-fizelier, Practice assessment of central venous lines care in surgical ICU of French university hospitals, Ann Fr Anesth Reanim, vol.29, pp.104-116, 2010.

M. Fragou, A. Gravvanis, V. Dimitriou, A. Papalois, G. Kouraklis et al., Real-time ultrasound-guided subclavian vein cannulation versus the landmark method in critical care patients: a prospective randomized study, Crit Care Med, vol.39, pp.1607-1619, 2011.

P. Brass, M. Hellmich, L. Kolodziej, G. Schick, and A. F. Smith, Ultrasound guidance versus anatomical landmarks for internal jugular vein catheterization, Cochrane Database Syst Rev, vol.1, p.6962, 2015.

P. Brass, M. Hellmich, L. Kolodziej, G. Schick, and A. F. Smith, Ultrasound guidance versus anatomical landmarks for subclavian or femoral vein catheterization, Cochrane Database Syst Rev, vol.1, p.11447, 2015.

J. Maizel, L. Guyomarc'h, P. Henon, S. S. Modeliar, B. De-cagny et al., Residents learning ultrasound-guided catheterization are not sufficiently skilled to use landmarks, Crit Care, vol.18, p.36, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00975131

P. M. Lee, C. Lee, P. Rattner, X. Wu, H. Gershengorn et al., Intraosseous versus central venous catheter utilization and performance during inpatient medical emergencies, Crit Care Med, vol.43, pp.1233-1241, 2015.

B. A. Leidel, C. Kirchhoff, V. Bogner, V. Braunstein, P. Biberthaler et al., Comparison of intraosseous versus central venous vascular access in adults under resuscitation in the emergency department with inaccessible peripheral veins, Resuscitation, vol.83, pp.40-45, 2012.

D. A. Asch, M. K. Jedrzwieski, and N. A. Christakis, Response rates to mail surveys published in medical journals, J Clin Epidemiol, vol.50, pp.1129-1165, 1997.