Use of venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide tension difference to guide resuscitation therapy in septic shock - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue World journal of critical care medicine Année : 2016

Use of venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide tension difference to guide resuscitation therapy in septic shock

Résumé

The mixed venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide (CO2) tension difference [P (v-a) CO2] is the difference between carbon dioxide tension (PCO2) in mixed venous blood (sampled from a pulmonary artery catheter) and the PCO2 in arterial blood. P (v-a) CO2 depends on the cardiac output and the global CO2 production, and on the complex relationship between PCO2 and CO2 content. Experimental and clinical studies support the evidence that P (v-a) CO2 cannot serve as an indicator of tissue hypoxia, and should be regarded as an indicator of the adequacy of venous blood to wash out the total CO2 generated by the peripheral tissues. P (v-a) CO2 can be replaced by the central venous-to-arterial CO2 difference (ΔPCO2), which is calculated from simultaneous sampling of central venous blood from a central vein catheter and arterial blood and, therefore, more easy to obtain at the bedside. Determining the ΔPCO2 during the resuscitation of septic shock patients might be useful when deciding when to continue resuscitation despite a central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) > 70% associated with elevated blood lactate levels. Because high blood lactate levels is not a discriminatory factor in determining the source of that stress, an increased ΔPCO2 (> 6 mmHg) could be used to identify patients who still remain inadequately resuscitated. Monitoring the ΔPCO2 from the beginning of the reanimation of septic shock patients might be a valuable means to evaluate the adequacy of cardiac output in tissue perfusion and, thus, guiding the therapy. In this respect, it can aid to titrate inotropes to adjust oxygen delivery to CO2 production, or to choose between hemoglobin correction or fluid/inotrope infusion in patients with a too low ScvO2 related to metabolic demand. The combination of P (v-a) CO2 or ΔPCO2 with oxygen-derived parameters through the calculation of the P (v-a) CO2 or ΔPCO2/arteriovenous oxygen content difference ratio can detect the presence of global anaerobic metabolism.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
WJCCM-5-47.pdf (2.16 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origine Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte
Loading...

Dates et versions

hal-02613556 , version 1 (20-05-2020)

Licence

Identifiants

Citer

Jihad Mallat, Malcolm Lemyze, Laurent Tronchon, Benoit Vallet, Didier Thevenin. Use of venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide tension difference to guide resuscitation therapy in septic shock. World journal of critical care medicine, 2016, World journal of critical care medicine, 5 (1), pp.47-56. ⟨10.5492/wjccm.v5.i1.47⟩. ⟨hal-02613556⟩

Collections

UNIV-LILLE
38 Consultations
174 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More