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Exercise flow-volume loops in prepubescent aerobically trained children.

Abstract : We studied mechanical ventilatory constraints in 13 aerobically trained (Tr) and 11 untrained (UT) prepubescent children by plotting the exercise flow-volume (F-V) loops within the maximal F-V loop (MFVL) measured at rest. The MFVL allowed to determine forced vital capacity (FVC) and maximal expiratory flows. Expiratory and inspiratory reserve volumes relative to FVC (ERV/FVC and IRV/FVC, respectively) were measured during a progressive exercise test until exhaustion. Breathing reserve (BR) and expiratory flow limitation (expFL), expressed in percentage of tidal volume (V(T)) and defined as the part of the tidal breath meeting the boundary of the MFVL, were measured. Higher FVC and maximal expiratory flows were found in Tr than UT (P < 0.05) at rest. Our results have shown that during exercise, excepting one subject, all Tr regulated their V(T) within FVC similarly during exercise, by breathing at low lung volume at the beginning of exercise followed breathing at high lung volume at strenuous exercise. In UT, ERV/FVC and IRV/FVC were regulated during exercise in many ways. The proportion of children who presented an expFL was nearly the same in both groups (approximately 70% with a range of 14 to 65% of V(T)), and no significant difference was found during exercise concerning expFL. However, higher ventilation (V(E)), ERV/FVC, and dyspnea associated with lower BR, IRV/FVC, and SaO2 were reported at peak power in Tr than UT (P < 0.05). These results suggest that, because of their higher Ve level, trained children presented higher ventilatory constraints than untrained. These may influence negatively the SaO2 level and dyspnea during strenuous exercise.
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Soumis le : mardi 24 novembre 2020 - 11:32:50
Dernière modification le : jeudi 28 octobre 2021 - 10:25:50

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Cédric Nourry, Fabien Deruelle, Claudine Fabre, Frédéric Bart, Jean-Marie Grosbois, et al.. Exercise flow-volume loops in prepubescent aerobically trained children.. Journal of Applied Physiology, American Physiological Society, 2005, 99 (5), pp.1912-21. ⟨10.1152/japplphysiol.00323.2005⟩. ⟨hal-02918914⟩



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