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3D printed sandwich materials filled with hydrogels for extremely low heat release rate

Abstract : Additive manufacturing is a powerful tool to design materials with original properties. An innovative design of poly (Ethylene Vinyl Acetate) (EVA) containing 30 wt.-% of Aluminum TriHydroxide (ATH) was reported in a previous paper and liquids (water or potassium carbonate aqueous solution) were incorporated in the 3D printed structure. These multi-materials showing interesting properties, but stability, control and processing of these liquid-containing systems were an issue due to porosity of the polymeric matrix. To overcome this issue, the use of hydrogels is considered in this study: being either solid or highly viscous, hydrogels can retain water in the design, despite the high porosity of the EVA/ATH matrix. In this paper, the liquid phase was substituted by flame retardant hydrogels (based on agar, alginate or poly (vinyl alcohol) - PVA), containing in particular vermiculite platelets and for the hydrogel based on alginate, K2CO3 as flame retardant fillers. Excellent behavior under a 50 kW/m2 heat flux during a cone calorimeter test was obtained, with fast extinguishment of the flame and a low peak of Heat Release Rate (pHRR) and Total Heat Release (THR). The physical barrier formed by vermiculite platelets during the test, as well as the condensed phase mechanism of K2CO3 were found to be responsible for these excellent results, as found by confocal microscopy observations, electron probe micro analysis and X-Ray diffraction experiments.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-02926297
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Soumis le : lundi 31 août 2020 - 15:38:18
Dernière modification le : mardi 24 novembre 2020 - 14:18:20

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Laura Geoffroy, Anne-Lise Davesne, Séverine Bellayer, Florent Blanchard, Elodie Richard, et al.. 3D printed sandwich materials filled with hydrogels for extremely low heat release rate. Polymer Degradation and Stability, Elsevier, 2020, 179, pp.109269. ⟨10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2020.109269⟩. ⟨hal-02926297⟩

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