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Article Dans Une Revue The Journal of nervous and mental disease Année : 2020

Cognitive and Emotional Empathy in Anorexia Nervosa

Résumé

The present research examined a model that evaluates the mediating role of both intrapersonal and interpersonal emotional competences (ECs) between attachment insecurity and the cognitive and emotional dimensions of empathy in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Women with AN completed the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale, the Profile of Emotional Competence, the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Beck Depression Inventory. The results revealed that intrapersonal EC mediated the relationships between attachment insecurity (i.e., attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance) and emotional empathy in patients with AN. Importantly, a high emotional empathy in AN was associated with increased depression and anxiety symptoms. The results also indicated that a high level of attachment avoidance was indirectly associated with lower cognitive empathy through lower levels of interpersonal EC in AN. The present study emphasizes the importance of differentiating affective empathy from cognitive empathy and suggests clinical interventions in patients with AN.
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Dates et versions

hal-03097411 , version 1 (05-01-2021)

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Citer

Karyn Doba, Jean-Louis Nandrino. Cognitive and Emotional Empathy in Anorexia Nervosa. The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 2020, The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 208 (4), pp.312-318. ⟨10.1097/nmd.0000000000001130⟩. ⟨hal-03097411⟩
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