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The grey future: Overgenerality of emotional future thinking in alcohol-use disorders

Abstract : Background While previous research has highlighted the overgenerality of future thinking in alcohol-use disorders (AUD), the emotional characteristics of future thinking were not taken into account. We therefore evaluated the ability to retrieve episodic (i.e., events that happened at a particular place and time and lasted for a day or less) emotional future events in AUD. Methods We invited 36 participants with AUD and 40 control participants to imagine positive, negative and neutral future scenarios and analyzed these scenarios regarding their episodic characteristics (i.e., the ability of participants to imagine future events situated in time and space enriched with phenomenological details). Results Analysis demonstrated lower episodic positive, negative and neutral future thinking in participants with AUD than in control participants. Participants with AUD also demonstrated lower episodic positive and negative future thinking compared to episodic neutral future thinking. Interestingly, high depression scores were associated with overgenerality of neutral, positive, and negative future thinking in AUD participants. Conclusions These findings demonstrate overgenerality of both positive and negative future thinking in AUD. This overgenerality may represent an avoidance strategy in which individuals with AUD may try to avoid the hopelessness and/or conflicts that may be activated when constructing future scenarios.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-03098046
Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Soumis le : mardi 5 janvier 2021 - 15:52:07
Dernière modification le : mardi 19 janvier 2021 - 03:21:58
Archivage à long terme le : : mercredi 7 avril 2021 - 09:28:54

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Jean-Louis Nandrino, Mohamad El Haj. The grey future: Overgenerality of emotional future thinking in alcohol-use disorders. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2019, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, pp.107659. ⟨10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107659⟩. ⟨hal-03098046⟩

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