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Impaired Specificity of Future Thinking in Alcohol Use Disorders

Abstract : Background While there has been a body of work that has investigated past thinking in individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUD), little is known about future thinking in these individuals. Methods We invited participants with AUD and control participants to construct past and future events. We have also investigated the relationship between constructing past and future events and depression. Results By analyzing the specificity (i.e., the ability in constructing specific events situated in time and space) of these events, results demonstrated lower specificity of past and future thinking in AUD participants compared to control participants. No significant differences were observed between the specificity of past and future thinking in AUD or in control participants. Further, significant negative correlations were observed between depression and past/future thinking in AUD participants but not in controls. Conclusions Difficulties in constructing specific future scenarios, as observed in AUD participants compared with controls, are presumably related to ruminative thinking and emotional avoidance aspects of depression, which should be investigated in future studies. More specifically, individuals with AUD may tend to construct general future scenarios to dwell on negative past events and/or to avoid coping with hopelessness and processing of upsetting or distressful future scenarios.
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Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Soumis le : lundi 11 janvier 2021 - 16:39:34
Dernière modification le : mercredi 15 septembre 2021 - 03:21:12



Mohamad El Haj, Ahmed A. Moustafa, Aïssata Perle, Philippe Tison, Olivier Cottencin, et al.. Impaired Specificity of Future Thinking in Alcohol Use Disorders. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 2019, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 43 (5), pp.945-951. ⟨10.1111/acer.13993⟩. ⟨hal-03106271⟩



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