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STEM-EELS Investigation of Planar Defects in Olivine in the Allende Meteorite

Abstract : The present study focuses on a detailed structural investigation at atomic scale of the planar defects that appear in the olivine grains in the Allende meteorite, and it aims to clarify their nature and the related formation mechanism. The investigation was performed using advanced spectro-microscopy techniques such as atomically resolved high-angle annular dark field (HAADF) images coupled with electron energy loss spectroscopy in the scanning transmission electron microscopy mode (STEM-EELS). Two prominent structural features appear in the investigated olivine grains: (i) Exsolution platelets with a thickness between 2 and 10 nm with the spinel structure and chemical composition expressed as a solid solution between magnetite, chromite, and MgAl2O4. (ii) Thinner planar defects appeared with thickness between 2 to 4 atomic planes, which were rich in Fe and had a strong Fe3+ contribution. The structure of these defects was described by the crystalline lattice of the olivine grains with small distortion of the measured cationic distances, which can be related to Fe3+-Si substitution in the tetrahedral sites. Those metastable defects should have preceded the formation of the thicker spinel exsolutions and could have formed during an oxidizing event in the Allende parent body.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-03133000
Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Soumis le : vendredi 5 février 2021 - 15:34:39
Dernière modification le : mercredi 10 février 2021 - 03:36:02

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Maya Marinova, Hugues Leroux, Priscille Cuvillier, Alexandre Gloter, Damien Jacob. STEM-EELS Investigation of Planar Defects in Olivine in the Allende Meteorite. Minerals, MDPI, 2021, Advances in Applying Electron Microscopy in Studying the Microstructure of Minerals, 11 (1), pp.35. ⟨10.3390/min11010035⟩. ⟨hal-03133000⟩

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