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Evaluation of screening for myocardial ischaemia in women at cardiovascular risk

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the primary cause of death in women. Prevention, screening and diagnosis are generally implemented at later stages and less frequently than in men, and provision of treatment is not optimal in women. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relevance of targeted screening for myocardial ischaemia in women with multiple risk factors, and to identify which specific factors target women more effectively. METHODS: We undertook a prospective observational study with retrospective data collection based on a cohort of symptomatic or asymptomatic women with multiple cardiovascular risk factors. All women underwent non-invasive diagnostic testing through the "Heart, arteries and women", healthcare pathway available at Lille University Hospital, between 1 January 2013 and 30 June 2014. RESULTS: Screening was positive in 15.7% of the 287 participants. Thirty women had a coronary angiography: of these, 22 (73.3%) had no evidence of obstructive coronary artery disease. The independent predictive factors for positive screening were >5 years since menopause (odds ratio [OR] 3.9; P=0.0016); high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≤0.5g/dL (OR 2.3; P=0.0356); and body mass index ≥30kg/m2 CONCLUSIONS: Screening for myocardial ischaemia among selected women at risk of cardiovascular disease can be useful to improve medical treatment.
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Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : lundi 26 avril 2021 - 14:53:23
Dernière modification le : jeudi 9 septembre 2021 - 17:34:08

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Anne-Laure Madika, Patrick Devos, Pascal Delsart, Fanny Boudghene-Stambouli, Anne-Sophie Polge, et al.. Evaluation of screening for myocardial ischaemia in women at cardiovascular risk. Archives of cardiovascular diseases, Elsevier/French Society of Cardiology, 2017, Archives of cardiovascular diseases, 110, pp.379-388. ⟨10.1016/j.acvd.2016.10.006⟩. ⟨hal-03208371⟩



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