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Heptyl α-D-mannosides grafted on a β-cyclodextrin core to interfere with Escherichia coli adhesion: an in vivo multivalent effect

Abstract : n-Heptyl α-D-mannoside (HM) has previously been identified as a nanomolar FimH antagonist able to prevent Escherichia coli adhesion. We have designed mono- and heptavalent glycoconjugates in which HM is tethered to β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) through short and long spacers. One-pot click or co-clicking procedures were developed to directly obtain the glycoconjugates from unprotected HM and β-CD precursors. These FimH antagonists were examined biophysically and in vivo. Reverse titrations by isothermal calorimetry led to trapping of the short-tethered heptavalent β-CD in a complex with three FimH lectins. Combined dynamic light scattering and small-angle X-ray solution scattering data allowed the construction of a model of the FimH trimer. The heptavalent β-CDs were shown to capture and aggregate living bacteria in solution and are therefore also able to aggregate FimH when attached to different bacteria pili. The first in vivo evaluation of multivalent FimH inhibitors has been performed. The heptavalent β-CDs proved to be much more effective anti-adhesive agents than monovalent references with doses of around 2 μg instilled in the mouse bladder leading to a significantly decreased E. coli load. Intravenously injected radiolabeled glycoconjugates can rapidly reach the mouse bladder and >2 μg concentrations can easily be retained over 24 h to prevent fluxing bacteria from rebinding.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-03217959
Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Soumis le : mercredi 5 mai 2021 - 11:21:51
Dernière modification le : jeudi 6 mai 2021 - 03:38:01

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Julie Bouckaert, Zhaoli Li, Catarina Xavier, Mehdi Almant, Vicky Caveliers, et al.. Heptyl α-D-mannosides grafted on a β-cyclodextrin core to interfere with Escherichia coli adhesion: an in vivo multivalent effect. Chemistry, 2013, Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 19 (24), pp.7847-7855. ⟨10.1002/chem.201204015⟩. ⟨hal-03217959⟩

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