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Determination of acetaminophen and its main metabolites in urine by capillary electrophoresis hyphenated to mass spectrometry

Abstract : In this study, a capillary electrophoresis-tandem mass spectrometry method combining efficient separation and sensitive detection has been developed and validated, for the first time, to quantify acetaminophen and five of its metabolites in urine samples. Optimization of the method has led us to perform detection in positive ESI mode using MeOH-ammonium hydroxide (0.1%) (50:50, v/v) as sheath liquid. Moreover, optimal separation has been obtained in less than 9 min after anodic injection, using an ammonium acetate solution (40 mM, pH 10) as BGE. It was shown that the dilution solvent and the dilution factor to use for sample preparation are critical parameters to avoid peak splitting, to gain in sensitivity and then to obtain an effective analysis method. While a 200-fold factor dilution was shown to be suitable for quantitation of acetaminophen, acetaminophen mercapturate, acetaminophen sulfate and acetaminophen glucuronide, a 20-fold dilution was finally selected for methoxy-acetaminophen and 3-methylthioacetaminophen analysis, thus requiring two successive analyses to be carried out in order to quantify all metabolites. Hyphenation of CE with MS/MS versus UV permits to improve LOQ (10-20-fold factor with respect to previous works for acetaminophen, acetaminophen sulfate and acetaminophen glucuronide). Moreover, use of CE versus HPLC, permits to quantify two additional metabolites, i.e. 3-methylthio-acetaminophen and methoxy-acetaminophen. The method has been validated using the accuracy profile approach with a total error (accuracy) included in the ± 20% range. Thereby, the method allows the quantitation of acetaminophen and acetaminophen mercapturate in the range (0.1-1 mg mL-1-1-1-1-1
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-03222943
Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Soumis le : lundi 10 mai 2021 - 15:28:02
Dernière modification le : lundi 10 mai 2021 - 15:28:04

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Marie Lecoeur, Guy Rabenirina, Nadege Schifano, Pascal Odou, Sabine Ethgen, et al.. Determination of acetaminophen and its main metabolites in urine by capillary electrophoresis hyphenated to mass spectrometry. Talanta, 2019, Talanta, 205, pp.120108. ⟨10.1016/j.talanta.2019.07.003⟩. ⟨hal-03222943⟩

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