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Article dans une revue

Hidden by bias: how standard psychophysical procedures conceal crucial aspects of peripheral visual appearance.

Abstract : The perception of a target depends on other stimuli surrounding it in time and space. This contextual modulation is ubiquitous in visual perception, and is usually quantified by measuring performance on sets of highly similar stimuli. Implicit or explicit comparisons among the stimuli may, however, inadvertently bias responses and conceal strong variability of target appearance. Here, we investigated the influence of contextual stimuli on the perception of a repeating pattern (a line triplet), presented in the visual periphery. In the neutral condition, the triplet was presented a single time to capture its minimally biased perception. In the similar and dissimilar conditions, it was presented within stimulus sets composed of lines similar to the triplet, and distinct shapes, respectively. The majority of observers reported perceiving a line pair in the neutral and dissimilar conditions, revealing 'redundancy masking', the reduction of the perceived number of repeating items. In the similar condition, by contrast, the number of lines was overestimated. Our results show that the similar context did not reveal redundancy masking which was only observed in the neutral and dissimilar context. We suggest that the influence of contextual stimuli has inadvertently concealed this crucial aspect of peripheral appearance.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-03259345
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Soumis le : lundi 14 juin 2021 - 09:49:32
Dernière modification le : jeudi 17 juin 2021 - 03:35:24
Archivage à long terme le : : jeudi 16 septembre 2021 - 08:21:14

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Yildirim 2021 SciRep.pdf
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Distributed under a Creative Commons Paternité 4.0 International License

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Fazilet Zeynep Yildirim, Daniel R Coates, Bilge Sayim. Hidden by bias: how standard psychophysical procedures conceal crucial aspects of peripheral visual appearance.. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11, pp.4095. ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-83325-7⟩. ⟨hal-03259345⟩

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