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Substitution of nucleotide-sugar by trehalose-dependent glycogen synthesis pathways in Chlamydiales underlines an unusual requirement for storage polysaccharides within obligate intracellular bacteria

Abstract : All obligate intracellular pathogens or symbionts of eukaryotes lack glycogen metabolism. Most members of the Chlamydiales order are exceptions to this rule as they contain the classical GlgA-GlgC-dependent pathway of glycogen metabolism that relies on the ADP-Glucose substrate. We surveyed the diversity of Chlamydiales and found glycogen metabolism to be universally present with the important exception of Criblamydiaceae and Waddliaceae families that had been previously reported to lack an active pathway. However, we now find elements of the more recently described GlgE maltose-1-P-dependent pathway in several protist-infecting Chlamydiales. In the case of Waddliaceae and Criblamydiaceae, the substitution of the classical pathway by this recently proposed GlgE pathway was essentially complete as evidenced by the loss of both GlgA and GlgC. Biochemical analysis of recombinant proteins expressed from Waddlia chondrophila and Estrella lausannensis established that both enzymes do polymerize glycogen from trehalose through the production of maltose-1-P by TreS-Mak and its incorporation into glycogen’s outer chains by GlgE. Unlike Mycobacteriaceae where GlgE-dependent polymerization is produced from both bacterial ADP-Glc and trehalose, glycogen synthesis seems to be entirely dependent on host supplied UDP-Glc and Glucose-6-P or on host supplied trehalose and maltooligosaccharides. These results are discussed in the light of a possible effector nature of these enzymes, of the chlamydial host specificity and of a possible function of glycogen in extracellular survival and infectivity of the chlamydial elementary bodies. They underline that contrarily to all other obligate intracellular bacteria, glycogen metabolism is indeed central to chlamydial replication and maintenance.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-03382208
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Soumis le : lundi 18 octobre 2021 - 10:20:05
Dernière modification le : mercredi 11 mai 2022 - 12:32:01
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Matthieu Colpaert, Derifa Kadouche, Mathieu Ducatez, Trestan Pillonel, Carole Kebbi-Beghdadi, et al.. Substitution of nucleotide-sugar by trehalose-dependent glycogen synthesis pathways in Chlamydiales underlines an unusual requirement for storage polysaccharides within obligate intracellular bacteria. BioRxiv, 2020, BioRxiv, ⟨10.1101/2020.06.02.131169⟩. ⟨hal-03382208⟩

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