High-intensity intermittent running training improves pulmonary function and alters exercise breathing pattern in children. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue European Journal of Applied Physiology Année : 2005

High-intensity intermittent running training improves pulmonary function and alters exercise breathing pattern in children.

Résumé

We investigated the effects of short duration running training on resting and exercise lung function in healthy prepubescent children. One trained group (TrG) (n = 9; three girls and six boys; age = 9.7 +/- 0.9 year) participated in 8 weeks of high-intensity intermittent running training and was compared to a control group (ContG) (n = 9; four girls and five boys; age = 10.3 +/- 0.7 year). Before and after the 8-week period, the children performed pulmonary function tests and an incremental exercise test on a cycle ergometer. After the 8-week period, no change was found in pulmonary function in ContG. Conversely, an increase in forced vital capacity (FVC) (+7 +/- 4% ; P = 0.026), forced expiratory volume in one second (+11 +/- 6% ; P = 0.025), peak expiratory flows (+17 +/- 4% ; P = 0.005), maximal expiratory flows at 50% (+16 +/- 10% ; P = 0.019) and 75% (+15 +/- 8% ; P = 0.006) of FVC were reported in TrG. At peak exercise, TrG displayed higher values of peak oxygen consumption (+15 +/- 4% ; P < 0.001), minute ventilation (+16 +/- 5% ; P = 0.033) and tidal volume (+15 +/- 5% ; P = 0.019) after training. At sub-maximal exercise, ventilatory response to exercise DeltaV(E)/DeltaV(CO(2)) was lower (P = 0.017) in TrG after training, associated with reduced end-tidal partial oxygen pressure (P < 0.05) and higher end-tidal partial carbon dioxide pressure (P = 0.026). Lower deadspace volume relative to tidal volume was found at each stage of exercise in TrG after training (P < 0.05). Eight weeks of high-intensity intermittent running training enhanced resting pulmonary function and led to deeper exercise ventilation reflecting a better effectiveness in prepubescent children.

Dates et versions

hal-03462721 , version 1 (02-12-2021)

Identifiants

Citer

Cédric Nourry, Fabien Deruelle, Comlavi Guinhouya, Georges Baquet, Claudine Fabre, et al.. High-intensity intermittent running training improves pulmonary function and alters exercise breathing pattern in children.. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2005, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 94, pp.415-23. ⟨10.1007/s00421-005-1341-4⟩. ⟨hal-03462721⟩
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