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Communication Dans Un Congrès Année : 2022

JuCify: A Step Towards Android Code Unification for Enhanced Static Analysis

Résumé

Native code is now commonplace within Android app packages where it co-exists and interacts with Dex bytecode through the Java Native Interface to deliver rich app functionalities. Yet, state-of-the-art static analysis approaches have mostly overlooked the presence of such native code, which, however, may implement some key sensitive, or even malicious, parts of the app behavior. This limitation of the state of the art is a severe threat to validity in a large range of static analyses that do not have a complete view of the executable code in apps. To address this issue, we propose a new advance in the ambitious research direction of building a unified model of all code in Android apps. The JuCify approach presented in this paper is a significant step towards such a model, where we extract and merge call graphs of native code and bytecode to make the final model readily-usable by a common Android analysis framework: in our implementation, JuCify builds on the Soot internal intermediate representation. We performed empirical investigations to highlight how, without the unified model, a significant amount of Java methods called from the native code are "unreachable" in apps' call-graphs, both in goodware and malware. Using JuCify, we were able to enable static analyzers to reveal cases where malware relied on native code to hide invocation of payment library code or of other sensitive code in the Android framework. Additionally, JuCify's model enables state-of-the-art tools to achieve better precision and recall in detecting data leaks through native code. Finally, we show that by using JuCify we can find sensitive data leaks that pass through native code.

Dates et versions

hal-03522693 , version 1 (12-01-2022)

Identifiants

Citer

Jordan Samhi, Jun Gao, Nadia Daoudi, Pierre Graux, Henri Hoyez, et al.. JuCify: A Step Towards Android Code Unification for Enhanced Static Analysis. the 44th International Conference on Software Engineering 2022 (ICSE 2022), May 2022, Pittsburgh, PA, United States. ⟨hal-03522693⟩
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