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Prevalence of and factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder among French university students 1 month after the COVID-19 lockdown

Abstract : Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic and quarantine measures have sparked debate regarding their traumatic nature. This cross-sectional study reports the prevalence rate of probable post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD) and associated factors among French university students. A total of 22,883 students completed the online questionnaire. The prevalence rate of probable PTSD, assessed using the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5, was 19.5% [19.0–20.0]. Female (1.32 [1.21–1.45]) or non-binary gender (1.76 [1.35–2.31]), exposure to a non-COVID-19-related traumatic event (3.37 [3.08–3.67]), having lived through quarantine alone (1.22 [1.09–1.37]), poor quality of social ties (2.38 [2.15–2.62]), loss of income (1.20 [1.09–1.31]), poor quality housing (1.90 [1.59–2.26]), low-quality of the information received (1.50 [1.35–1.66]) and a high level of exposure to COVID-19 (from 1.38 [1.24–1.54] to 10.82 [2.33–76.57] depending on the score) were associated with PTSD. Quarantine was considered potentially traumatic by 78.8% of the students with probable PTSD. These findings suggest the pandemic context and lockdown measures could have post-traumatic consequences, stimulating debate on the nosography of PTSD.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-03666397
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Soumis le : jeudi 12 mai 2022 - 13:58:05
Dernière modification le : samedi 14 mai 2022 - 03:41:03

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Marielle Wathelet, Thomas Fovet, Améliane Jousset, Stéphane Duhem, Enguerrand Habran, et al.. Prevalence of and factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder among French university students 1 month after the COVID-19 lockdown. Translational Psychiatry, Nature Pub. Group, 2021, 11 (1), pp.327. ⟨10.1038/s41398-021-01438-z⟩. ⟨hal-03666397⟩

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