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Article Dans Une Revue Pharmaceutics Année : 2018

Enhanced dissolution and oral bioavailability of cyclosporine a: microspheres based on αβ-cyclodextrins polymers

Résumé

Cyclosporine (CsA) has a selective property of suppressing various T-lymphocyte functions. This is of utmost importance in preventing allograft rejection by several organ transplantations, as well as in the treatment of systemic and local autoimmune disorders. However, the poor water solubility of CsA can be a major hurdle for its absorption into the blood stream, which leads to low bioavailability and thus less efficacy. The aim of this study was to prepare, characterize, and evaluate in vitro as well as in vivo, the potential of the innovative CsA drug delivery system. The latter contains CsA in spherical amorphous solid dispersion (SASD) which is embedded in an original α-cyclodextrin and β-cyclodextrin polymer mixture (Poly-αβ-CD) as a multifunctional amorphous carrier. The new developed SASD formulation showed that CsA was molecularly dispersed in αβ-cyclodextrins in an amorphous form, as was confirmed by physicochemical characterization studies. Interestingly, the peptide secondary structure, and thus, the drug activity was not impacted by the preparation of SASD as was shown by circular dichroism. Furthermore, the in vitro CsA release profile kinetics was almost identical to the commercially available product Neoral®Tmax
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hal-03798571 , version 1 (05-10-2022)

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Malika Lahiani-Skiba, Francois Hallouard, Frederic Bounoure, Nicolas Milon, Youness Karrout, et al.. Enhanced dissolution and oral bioavailability of cyclosporine a: microspheres based on αβ-cyclodextrins polymers. Pharmaceutics, 2018, Pharmaceutics, 10 (4), pp.285. ⟨10.3390/pharmaceutics10040285⟩. ⟨hal-03798571⟩
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