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Article Dans Une Revue Annals of Epidemiology Année : 2018

Low-grade systemic inflammation: a partial mediator of the relationship between diabetes and lung function

Résumé

An association has been consistently found between diabetes mellitus and decreased lung function. We evaluated to what extent low-grade inflammation (as measured by the level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs-CRP]) could explain this relationship. A sample of 1878 middle-aged adults from the cross-sectional Enquête Littoral Souffle Air Biologie Environnement survey without self-reported pulmonary and atherosclerosis disease was included. A mediation analysis was performed to assess and quantify the hs-CRP level as a mediator of the relationship between diabetes and lung function. Diabetes was associated with higher hs-CRP level (+22.9%, 95% confidence interval = [5.1, 43.6]). The hs-CRP (>4 vs. ≤1 mg/L) was associated with lower percentage predicted values for the forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) (-4% [-6.1, -1.9]) and forced vital capacity (FVC) (-4.4% [-6.5, -2.3]). Diabetes was associated with FEV1 (-3.5% [-5.8, -1.3]) and FVC (-3.6% [-5.9, -1.3]). The proportion of the effect that is mediated by hs-CRP was 12% [2.4, 37] and 13% [3.7, 39.4] for FEV1 and FVC, respectively. Our results suggest that low-grade systemic inflammation could only explain a small part of the relationship between diabetes and lung function.
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Dates et versions

hal-03877426 , version 1 (29-11-2022)

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Jonathan Giovannelli, Philippe Trouiller-Gerfaux, Sebastien Hulo, Nathalie Cherot, Alina Ciuchete, et al.. Low-grade systemic inflammation: a partial mediator of the relationship between diabetes and lung function. Annals of Epidemiology, 2018, Annals of Epidemiology, 28 (1), pp.26-32. ⟨10.1016/j.annepidem.2017.11.004⟩. ⟨hal-03877426⟩
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