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Article Dans Une Revue Canadian Journal of Diabetes Année : 2022

Barriers to Physical Activity in Children and Adults Living With Type 1 Diabetes: A Complex Link With Real-life Glycemic Excursions.

Résumé

Ever since the first research on barriers to physical activity (PA) highlighting fear of hypoglycemia as a major barrier, many studies have attempted to understand their demographic and behavioural determinants. However, no research has been conducted on whether these perceived barriers toward PA are based on real-life-experienced adverse glycemic effects of exercise. Sixty-two adults and 53 children/adolescents living with type 1 diabetes along with their parents completed the Barriers to Physical Activity in Type 1 Diabetes-1 (BAPAD-1) questionnaire on barriers to PA. Continuous glucose-monitoring data were collected during 1 week of everyday life for 26 adults and 33 children/adolescents. Multiple linear regressions were used to explore links between BAPAD-1 scores and glycemic excursions experienced during and after everyday-life self-reported PA sessions, controlling for behavioural (accelerometry) and demographic confounders. In children/adolescents, the more time spent in hypoglycemia on nights after PA sessions, the more they reported hypoglycemic risk as a barrier (ß=+0.365, p=0.034). Conversely, in adults, the higher the proportion of PA sessions accompanied by a drop in blood glucose, the less hypoglycemia was a barrier (ß=-0.046, p=0.004). In parents, BAPAD-1 scores were unrelated to children/adolescents' everyday-life exercise-induced hypo/hyperglycemia. In children/adolescents, fear of hypoglycemia was predominant in those exposed to nocturnal hypoglycemia associated with PA sessions. In adults, fewer barriers may mean they accept a bigger drop in their glycemia during PA. This shows the importance of finding and promoting age-specific solutions to prevent exercise-induced hypoglycemia.
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hal-03887933 , version 1 (07-12-2022)

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Cassandra Parent, Elodie Lespagnol, Serge Berthoin, Sémah Tagougui, Joris Heyman, et al.. Barriers to Physical Activity in Children and Adults Living With Type 1 Diabetes: A Complex Link With Real-life Glycemic Excursions.. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 2022, Canadian Journal of Diabetes, ⟨10.1016/j.jcjd.2022.10.006⟩. ⟨hal-03887933⟩
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