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Article Dans Une Revue PLoS ONE Année : 2021

Selective reinforcement of conflict processing in the Stroop task


Motivation signals have been shown to influence the engagement of cognitive control processes. However, most studies focus on the invigorating effect of reward prospect, rather than the reinforcing effect of reward feedback. The present study aimed to test whether people strategically adapt conflict processing when confronted with condition-specific congruency-reward contingencies in a manual Stroop task. Results show that the size of the Stroop effect can be affected by selectively rewarding responses following incongruent versus congruent trials. However, our findings also suggest important boundary conditions. Our first two experiments only show a modulation of the Stroop effect in the first half of the experimental blocks, possibly due to our adaptive threshold procedure demotivating adaptive behavior over time. The third experiment showed an overall modulation of the Stroop effect, but did not find evidence for a similar modulation on test items, leaving open whether this effect generalizes to the congruency conditions, or is stimulus-specific. More generally, our results are consistent with computational models of cognitive control and support contemporary learning perspectives on cognitive control. The findings also offer new guidelines and directions for future investigations on the selective reinforcement of cognitive control processes.
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hal-03978105 , version 1 (08-02-2023)





Arthur Prevel, Ruth M. Krebs, Nanne Kukkonen, Senne Braem. Selective reinforcement of conflict processing in the Stroop task. PLoS ONE, 2021, PLoS ONE, 16 (7), pp.e0255430. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0255430⟩. ⟨hal-03978105⟩


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