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Article Dans Une Revue British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Année : 2022

Effect of modified bilateral sagittal split osteotomy on inferior alveolar nerve neurosensory disturbance

Résumé

The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of neurosensory disturbance of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) following modified mandibular bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) that preserves the mandibular inferior border. All patients undergoing BSSO, associated or not with a Le Fort I osteotomy (performed by the same senior operator) between January 2018 and December 2019, were eligible. The modified BSSO consists of a modification of the technique described by Epker: the bony section of the buccal cortex stops 3-4 mm above the basal mandibular edge. While respecting the basilar border, sectioning is then performed up to the gonial angle where bicortical section is finally performed. Sensibility of the labial and chin area was evaluated immediately postoperatively, and at six months and two years of follow up. A total of 140 eligible patients underwent the modified BSSO between January 2018 and December 2019, and 72 were included. Hypoaesthesia was found in 81.9% of the patients (59/72 patients) at initial evaluation. It decreased to 45.8% (33/72 patients) at the six-month examination and to 12.5% (9/72 patients) at the last examination. Four bad splits were recorded. The modified BSSO preserves the inferior border of the mandible and maintains the IAN in the lingual fragment. There is no need to release the IAN, hence its manipulation is reduced and the incidence of IAN postoperative hypoaesthesia is also reduced.
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Dates et versions

hal-04010984 , version 1 (02-03-2023)

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Matthias Schlund, Patrick Grall, Joel Ferri, Romain Nicot. Effect of modified bilateral sagittal split osteotomy on inferior alveolar nerve neurosensory disturbance. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 2022, British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, ⟨10.1016/j.bjoms.2022.04.001⟩. ⟨hal-04010984⟩

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