Congruent action context releases Mu rhythm desynchronization when visual objects activate competing action representations - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Cortex Année : 2023

Congruent action context releases Mu rhythm desynchronization when visual objects activate competing action representations

Résumé

Recent findings demonstrated that object perception is affected by the competition between action representations. Simultaneous activation of distinct structural (“grasp-to-move”) and functional (“grasp-to-use”) action representations slows down perceptual judgements on objects. At the brain level, competition reduces motor resonance effects during manipulable object perception, reflected by an extinction of μ rhythm desynchronization. However, how this competition is solved in the absence of object-directed action remains unclear. The present study investigates the role of context in the resolution of the competition between conflicting action representations during mere object perception. To this aim, thirty-eight volunteers were instructed to perform a reachability judgment task on 3D objects presented at different distances in a virtual environment. Objects were conflictual objects associated with distinct structural and functional action representations. Verbs were used to provide a neutral or congruent action context prior or after object presentation. Neurophysiological correlates of the competition between action representation were recorded using EEG. The main result showed a release of μ rhythm desynchronization when reachable conflictual objects were presented with a congruent action context. Context influenced μ rhythm desynchronization when the action context was provided prior or after object presentation in a time-window compatible with object-context integration (around 1000 ms after the presentation of the first stimulus). These findings revealed that action context biases competition between co-activated action representations during mere object perception and demonstrated that μ rhythm desynchronization may be an index of activation but also competition between action representations in perception.
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Dates et versions

hal-04012419 , version 1 (02-03-2023)

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Yannick Wamain, Marc Godard, Anne-Sophie Puffet, Samuel Delepoulle, Solene Kalenine. Congruent action context releases Mu rhythm desynchronization when visual objects activate competing action representations. Cortex, 2023, Cortex, 161, pp.65-76. ⟨10.1016/j.cortex.2023.01.009⟩. ⟨hal-04012419⟩
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