Microsurgical resection of fronto-temporo-insular gliomas in the non-dominant hemisphere, under general anesthesia using adjunct intraoperative mri and no cortical and subcortical mapping: a series of 20 consecutive patients - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Scientific Reports Année : 2021

Microsurgical resection of fronto-temporo-insular gliomas in the non-dominant hemisphere, under general anesthesia using adjunct intraoperative mri and no cortical and subcortical mapping: a series of 20 consecutive patients

Résumé

Fronto-temporo-insular (FTI) gliomas continue to represent a surgical challenge despite numerous technical advances. Some authors advocate for surgery in awake condition even for non-dominant hemisphere FTI, due to risk of sociocognitive impairment. Here, we report outcomes in a series of patients operated using intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (IoMRI) guided surgery under general anesthesia, using no cortical or subcortical mapping. We evaluated the extent of resection, functional and neuropsychological outcomes after IoMRI guided surgery under general anesthesia of FTI gliomas located in the non-dominant hemisphere. Twenty patients underwent FTI glioma resection using IoMRI in asleep condition. Seventeen tumors were de novo, three were recurrences. Tumor WHO grades were II:12, III:4, IV:4. Patients were evaluated before and after microsurgical resection, clinically, neuropsychologically (i.e., social cognition) and by volumetric MR measures (T1G+ for enhancing tumors, FLAIR for non-enhancing). Fourteen (70%) patients benefited from a second IoMRI. The median age was 33.5 years (range 24-56). Seizure was the inaugural symptom in 71% of patients. The median preoperative volume was 64.5 cm(3) (min 9.9, max 211). Fourteen (70%) patients underwent two IoMRI. The final median EOR was 92% (range 69-100). The median postoperative residual tumor volume (RTV) was 4.3 cm(3) (range 0-38.2). A vast majority of residual tumors were located in the posterior part of the insula. Early postoperative clinical events (during hospital stay) were three transient left hemiparesis (which lasted less than 48 h) and one prolonged left brachio-facial hemiparesis. Sixty percent of patients were free of any symptom at discharge. The median Karnofsky Performance Score was of 90 both at discharge and at 3 months. No significant neuropsychological impairment was reported, excepting empathy distinction in less than 40% of patients. After surgery, 45% of patients could go back to work. In our experience and using IoMRI as an adjunct, microsurgical resection of non-dominant FTI gliomas under general anesthesia is safe. Final median EOR was 92%, with a vast majority of residual tumors located in the posterior insular part. Patients experienced minor neurological and neuropsychological morbidity. Moreover, neuropsychological evaluation reported a high preservation of sociocognitive abilities. Solely empathy seemed to be impaired in some patients.
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hal-04053826 , version 1 (31-03-2023)

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Henri-Arthur Leroy, Ondine Strachowksi, Constantin Tuleasca, Quentin Vannod-Michel, Emilie Le Rhun, et al.. Microsurgical resection of fronto-temporo-insular gliomas in the non-dominant hemisphere, under general anesthesia using adjunct intraoperative mri and no cortical and subcortical mapping: a series of 20 consecutive patients. Scientific Reports, 2021, Scientific Reports, 11, pp.6994. ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-86165-7⟩. ⟨hal-04053826⟩
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