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Article Dans Une Revue European Journal of Mineralogy Année : 2023

Dislocation and disclination densities in experimentally deformed polycrystalline olivine


We report a comprehensive data set characterizing and quantifying the geometrically necessary dislocation (GND) density in the crystallographic frame (ρcα ) and disclination density (ρθ ) in fine-grained polycrystalline olivine deformed in uniaxial compression or torsion, at 1000 and 1200 ◦C, under a confining pressure of 300 MPa. Finite strains range from 0.11 up to 8.6 %, and stresses reach up to 1073 MPa. The data set is a selection of 19 electron backscatter diffraction maps acquired with conventional angular resolution (0.5◦) but at high spatial resolution (step size ranging between 0.05 and 0.1 μm). Thanks to analytical improvement for data acquisition and treatment, notably with the use of ATEX (Analysis Tools for Electron and X-ray diffraction) software, we report the spatial distribution of both GND and disclination densities. Areas with the highest GND densities define sub-grain boundaries. The type of GND densities involved also indicates that most olivine sub-grain boundaries have a mixed character. Moreover, the strategy for visualization also permits identifying minor GND that is not well organized as sub-grain boundaries yet. A low-temperature and high-stress sample displays a higher but less organized GND density than in a sample deformed at high temperature for a similar finite strain, grain size, and identical strain rate, confirming the action of dislocation creep in these samples, even for micrometric grains (2 μm). Furthermore, disclination dipoles along grain boundaries are identified in every undeformed and deformed electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) map, mostly at the junction of a grain boundary with a sub-grain but also along sub-grain boundaries and at sub-grain boundary tips. Nevertheless, for the range of experimental parameters investigated, there is no notable correlation of the disclination density with stress, strain, or temperature. However, a broad positive correlation between average disclination density and average GND density per grain is found, confirming their similar role as defects producing intragranular misorientation. Furthermore, a broad negative correlation between the disclination density and the grain size or perimeter is found, providing a first rule of thumb on the distribution of disclinations. Field dislocation and disclination mechanics (FDDM) of the elastic fields due to experimentally measured dislocations and disclina- tions (e.g., strains/rotations and stresses) provides further evidence of the interplay between both types of defects. At last, our results also support that disclinations act as a plastic deformation mechanism, by allowing rotation of a very small crystal volume.
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Dates et versions

hal-04055714 , version 1 (03-04-2023)





Sylvie Demouchy, Manuel Thieme, Fabrice Barou, Benoit Beausir, Vincent Taupin, et al.. Dislocation and disclination densities in experimentally deformed polycrystalline olivine. European Journal of Mineralogy, 2023, European Journal of Mineralogy, 35 (2), pp.219-242. ⟨10.5194/ejm-35-219-2023⟩. ⟨hal-04055714⟩
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