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Article Dans Une Revue Appetite Année : 2020

Decreased emotional eating behavior is associated with greater excess weight loss five years after gastric banding

Résumé

While significant weight loss has been observed in the first two years following adjustable gastric banding (AGB), research on the long-term effectiveness of gastric restriction (e.g., 5 years) both on weight loss and eating behavior changes is scarce. The present study examined obese patients' changes in eating behavior preoperatively and 5 years after AGB and examined their associations with excess weight loss (EWL). Specifically, we focused on the association between the modification of three eating behavior profiles (i.e., restrained eating, emotional eating and external eating) and %EWL at 5 years. Among the 197 participants who underwent AGB, 136 completed the clinical assessments (weight, depression with the BDI, eating behavior with the DEBQ) before surgery, and after 5 years. Resultsshowed that the mean percentage of EWL was 47% after 5 years. Moreover, patients reported lower emotional eating and external eating after 5 years in comparison to the baseline, whereas there were no differences concerning restrained eating. Importantly, patients who presented higher %EWL at 5 years also reported a greater decrease in emotional eating between the two sessions than those with low %EWL. Our study underlines that eating behaviors are major variables involved in weight loss after gastric restriction. Results showed that emotional and external eating decreased significantly at 5 years whereas restrained eating behaviors did not vary between the pre- and postoperative stages. Moreover, the data suggest that a decrease in emotional eating accounts for the extent of EWL.

Dates et versions

hal-04057792 , version 1 (04-04-2023)

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Citer

Jean-Louis Nandrino, Delphine Grynberg, Marie-Charlotte Gandolphe, Clemence Willem, Karima Benaisa, et al.. Decreased emotional eating behavior is associated with greater excess weight loss five years after gastric banding. Appetite, 2020, Appetite, 149, pp.104620. ⟨10.1016/j.appet.2020.104620⟩. ⟨hal-04057792⟩
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