Muscle and cerebral oxygenation during exercise in athletes with exercise-induced hypoxemia: a comparison between sea level and acute moderate hypoxia. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue European journal of sport science Année : 2019

Muscle and cerebral oxygenation during exercise in athletes with exercise-induced hypoxemia: a comparison between sea level and acute moderate hypoxia.

Résumé

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of exercise-induced hypoxemia (EIH) on muscle and cerebral oxygenation responses during maximal exercise in normoxia and in acute moderate hypoxia (fraction of inspired oxygen: 15.3%, 2400 m). EIH was defined as a drop in hemoglobin saturation of at least 4% for at least three consecutive minutes during maximal exercise at sea level. Twenty-five athletes performed incremental treadmill tests to assess maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) in normoxia and in hypoxia. Oxygenation of the vastus lateralis muscle and the left prefrontal cortex of the brain was monitored using near-infrared spectroscopy. During the normoxic test, 15 athletes exhibited EIH; they displayed a larger change in muscle levels of oxyhemoglobin (ΔO2Hb) (p = 0.04) and a greater change in cerebral levels of deoxyhemoglobin (ΔHHb) (p = 0.02) than athletes without EIH (NEIH group). During the hypoxic test, muscle ΔO2Hb was lower in the EIH group than in the NEIH group (p = 0.03). At VO2max, hypoxia was associated with a smaller cerebral ΔO2Hb in both groups, and a greater cerebral ΔHHb compared to normoxia in the NEIH group only (p = 0.02). No intergroup differences in changes in muscle oxygenation were observed. The severity of O2 arterial desaturation was negatively correlated with changes in total muscle hemoglobin in normoxia (r = −0.48, p = 0.01), and positively correlated with the cerebral ΔHHb in normoxia (r = 0.45, p = 0.02). The occurrence of EIH at sea level was associated with specific muscle and cerebral oxygenation responses to exercise under both normoxia and moderate hypoxia
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Dates et versions

hal-04106027 , version 1 (25-05-2023)

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Citer

Antoine Raberin, Henri Meric, Patrick Mucci, Jorge Lopez Ayerbe, Fabienne Durand. Muscle and cerebral oxygenation during exercise in athletes with exercise-induced hypoxemia: a comparison between sea level and acute moderate hypoxia.. European journal of sport science, 2019, European journal of sport science, 20 (6), pp.1-22. ⟨10.1080/17461391.2019.1669717⟩. ⟨hal-04106027⟩
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