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Article Dans Une Revue Environmental Chemistry Letters Année : 2023

Polylactic acid synthesis, biodegradability, conversion to microplastics and toxicity: a review

Résumé

Global pollution by plastics derived from petroleum has fostered the development of carbon–neutral, biodegradable bioplastics synthesized from renewable resources such as modern biomass, yet knowledge on the impact of bioplastics on ecosystems is limited. Here we review the polylactic acid plastic with focus on synthesis, biodegradability tuning, environmental conversion to microplastics, and impact on microbes, algae, phytoplankton, zooplankton, annelids, mollusk and fish. Polylactic acid is a low weight semi-crystalline bioplastic used in agriculture, medicine, packaging and textile. Polylactic acid is one of the most widely used biopolymers, accounting for 33% of all bioplastics produced in 2021. Although biodegradable in vivo, polylactic acid is not completely degradable under natural environmental conditions, notably under aquatic conditions. Polylactic acid disintegrates into microplastics faster than petroleum-based plastics and may pose severe threats to the exposed biota.

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hal-04107119 , version 1 (26-05-2023)

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Wajid Ali, H. Ali, S. Gillani, Philippe Zinck, S. Souissi, et al.. Polylactic acid synthesis, biodegradability, conversion to microplastics and toxicity: a review. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 2023, Environ. Chem. Lett., 21, pp.1761-1786. ⟨10.1007/s10311-023-01564-8⟩. ⟨hal-04107119⟩
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