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Article Dans Une Revue Chemico-Biological Interactions Année : 2021

The PPARγ-dependent effect of flavonoid luteolin against damage induced by the chemotherapeutic irinotecan in human intestinal cells.

Résumé

Irinotecan (CPT-11) is one of the main agents used to treat colorectal cancer; unfortunately, it is associated with increased intestinal mucositis developing. Luteolin has been shown to prevent damage induced by this chemotherapeutic in mice; thus, in this research, we have investigated luteolin's action mechanism in human intestinal epithelial cells. The potential of luteolin in reducing inflammation and oxidative stress induced by irinotecan in Caco-2 cells was evaluated by PCR through mRNA expression of inflammatory and oxidative genes and by ELISA at the protein level. To assess whether luteolin's ability to control irinotecan-induced damage occurs in a PPARγ dependent manner, experiments were performed on PPARγ downregulated cells. Irinotecan downregulated PPARγ expression and upregulated inflammatory and oxidative genes, while luteolin upregulated PPARγ, HO-1, SOD and decreased expression of IL-1β and iNOS. Interestingly, when the cells were co-stimulated with luteolin and irinotecan, the flavonoid reversed the inflammation and oxidative imbalance evoked by the chemotherapeutic. However, when these experiments were performed in cells downregulated for PPARγ, luteolin lost the capacity to increase PPARγ and reverse the effect of irinotecan in all tested genes, except by IL-1β. The present study showed that the protective effect of luteolin against irinotecan is PPARγ dependent.

Dates et versions

hal-04185665 , version 1 (23-08-2023)

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Citer

Thaise Boeing, Silvia Speca, Priscila de Souza, Anthony Martin Mena, Benjamin Bertin, et al.. The PPARγ-dependent effect of flavonoid luteolin against damage induced by the chemotherapeutic irinotecan in human intestinal cells.. Chemico-Biological Interactions, 2021, Chemico-Biological Interactions, 351 (5), pp.109712. ⟨10.1016/j.cbi.2021.109712⟩. ⟨hal-04185665⟩
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