Case Report: Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn and Narrowing of the Ductus Arteriosus After Topical Use of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory During Pregnancy - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Frontiers in Pharmacology Année : 2021

Case Report: Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn and Narrowing of the Ductus Arteriosus After Topical Use of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory During Pregnancy

Résumé

Background: The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) during the third trimester of pregnancy can cause premature constriction of the ductus arteriosus. This report describes a case of in utero narrowing of the ductus arteriosus (DA) diagnosed postnatally in a baby with Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn (PPHN), after maternal use of Diclofenac-Epolamine 140 mg patch during the second and third trimester. Case Presentation: A fetal ultrasounds revealed an enlarged hypertrophic right ventricle at 32 weeks of gestation. Detailed questioning of the mother highlighted that topical Diclofenac (FLECTOR®) had been used at 26 and at 31 weeks of gestation. An echocardiography performed 8 h postnatally showed supra-systemic pulmonary hypertension, a restrictive ductus arteriosus and a dilated right ventricle. The newborn was treated by inhaled nitric oxide and oral Sildenafil and was discharged from hospital on day 24. He had a complete normalization of his pulmonary vascular resistance on day 48. Conclusion: This case illustrates the potential fetal and neonatal complications associated with maternal topical Diclofenac medication during pregnancy resulting in antenatal closure of the DA.
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hal-04185779 , version 1 (23-08-2023)

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Kevin Le Duc, Sixtine Gilliot, Jean-Benoit Baudelet, Sébastien Mur, Mohamed Riadh Boukhris, et al.. Case Report: Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn and Narrowing of the Ductus Arteriosus After Topical Use of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory During Pregnancy. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2021, Front. Pharmacol., 12, ⟨10.3389/fphar.2021.756056⟩. ⟨hal-04185779⟩

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